Inflammation and oxidative stress are two mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). Since the direct effect of gliadin on the intestinal epithelia is less studied, the aims of this study were the development of a specific cellular model based on the use of gliadin as a pro-inflammatory stimulus and the evaluation of the potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of extracts from different black rice in the framework of CD. The rice extracts were in vitro digested, characterized in terms of phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity, and tested on Caco-2 cells to investigate their inhibitory effect on Reactive Oxygen Species, the NF-κB transcription and the CXC chemokines (sICAM-1, IL-8, and CXCL-10). In addition, the role of the extracts in modulating the activation of epithelial cells in CD was confirmed by applying the K562(S) agglutination test. The black rice extracts showed inhibitory effects on the production of the oxidative and the inflammatory mediators considered, with particular reference to lymphocyte-attracting CXCL-10 both before and after digestion. The presence of anthocyanins and their digestion metabolites may account for the observed anti-inflammatory activity after in vitro digestion. This work provided preliminary data supporting the use of black rice as a healthy food or ingredient of food supplements for celiacs.

Evaluation of the Potential Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Black Rice in the Framework of Celiac Disease / S. Piazza, F. Colombo, C. Bani, M. Fumagalli, O. Vincentini, E. Sangiovanni, G. Martinelli, S. Biella, M. Silano, P. Restani, M. Dell’Agli, C.M. DI LORENZO. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 12:1(2023 Jan), pp. 63.1-63.19. [10.3390/foods12010063]

Evaluation of the Potential Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Black Rice in the Framework of Celiac Disease

S. Piazza
Primo
;
F. Colombo
Secondo
;
C. Bani;M. Fumagalli;E. Sangiovanni;G. Martinelli;S. Biella;P. Restani
;
M. Dell’Agli
Penultimo
;
C.M. DI LORENZO
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Inflammation and oxidative stress are two mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). Since the direct effect of gliadin on the intestinal epithelia is less studied, the aims of this study were the development of a specific cellular model based on the use of gliadin as a pro-inflammatory stimulus and the evaluation of the potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of extracts from different black rice in the framework of CD. The rice extracts were in vitro digested, characterized in terms of phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity, and tested on Caco-2 cells to investigate their inhibitory effect on Reactive Oxygen Species, the NF-κB transcription and the CXC chemokines (sICAM-1, IL-8, and CXCL-10). In addition, the role of the extracts in modulating the activation of epithelial cells in CD was confirmed by applying the K562(S) agglutination test. The black rice extracts showed inhibitory effects on the production of the oxidative and the inflammatory mediators considered, with particular reference to lymphocyte-attracting CXCL-10 both before and after digestion. The presence of anthocyanins and their digestion metabolites may account for the observed anti-inflammatory activity after in vitro digestion. This work provided preliminary data supporting the use of black rice as a healthy food or ingredient of food supplements for celiacs.
celiac disease; black rice; phenolic compounds; antioxidant activity; anti-inflammatory activity; gliadin; in vitro digestion;
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
gen-2023
22-dic-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/949886
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