Sustainable exploitation of agro-industrial by-products has attracted great interest in cereal bran valorization. In this research, a polyphasic approach has been carried out to characterize maize bran at microbiological and chemical level during a sourdough like fermentation process, in order to enhance its technological and nutritional properties. Autochthonous microbiota was isolated at different refreshment steps and subjected to identification and molecular characterization. Fermentation was characterized by a rapid increase in lactic acid bacteria and yeasts, with a co-dominance, at the initial stage, of Weissella spp., Pediococcus spp. and Wickerhamomyces anomalus. At the end of the fermentation, a natural selection was produced, with the prevalence of Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and Kazachstania unispora. This is the first time that a specific association between LAB and yeasts is reported, during the maize bran fermentation process. Enzymatic activities related to this microbial consortium promoted a “destructuration” of the fiber fraction, an increase in soluble dietary fiber and a reduction of phytic acid content. Our data also evidenced a noticeable increment in ferulic acid. The results obtained indicate that fermentation processes represent an efficient biotechnological approach to increase nutritional and functional potential of maize bran. Moreover, the characterization of microbiota involved in natural fermentation process will allow the selection of specific biotypes, with appropriate metabolic and enzymatic activities, to conduct “tailored” fermentation processes and improve brans or whole-meal flours from both nutritional and technological points of view.
Evaluation of microbial consortia and chemical changes in spontaneous maize bran fermentation / M. Decimo, M. Quattrini, G. Ricci, M. Fortina, M. Brasca, T. Silvetti, F. Manini, D. Erba, F. Criscuoli, M.C. Casiraghi. - In: AMB EXPRESS. - ISSN 2191-0855. - 7:1(2017 Dec).
|Titolo:||Evaluation of microbial consortia and chemical changes in spontaneous maize bran fermentation|
|Parole Chiave:||bioactive compounds; lactic acid bacteria; maize bran valorization; microbial consortia; spontaneous fermentation; Yeasts|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2017|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||1-dic-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13568-017-0506-y|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|