The use of alternative feed ingredients in farm animal's diets can be an interesting choice from several standpoints, including safety. In this respect, the aim of this study was to investigate the safety features of selected Former Food Products (FFPs) intended for animal nutrition produced in the framework of IZS PLV 06/14 RC project by a FFP processing plant. Six FFP samples, both mash and pelleted, were analysed for the enumeration of Total Viable Count (TVC) (ISO 4833), Enterobacteriaceae (ISO 21528-1), Escherichia coli (ISO 16649-1), coagulase-positive Staphylococci (CPS) (ISO 6888), presumptive B. cereus and its spores (ISO 7932), sulphite reducing Clostridia (ISO 7937), Yeasts and Moulds (ISO 21527-1) and the presence in 25 g of Salmonella spp. (ISO 6579). On the same samples, the presence of undesired ingredients which can be identified as remnants of packaging materials has been evaluated by two different methods: 1-stereomicroscopy according to published methods; 2. Stereomicroscopy coupled with a computer vision system (IRIS Visual Analyzer VA400). All FFPs analysed resulted safe from microbiological point of view. Total Viable Count was limited and Salmonella was always absent. When remnants of packaging materials have been considered, the contamination level was below to 0.08% (w/w). Of note, packaging remnants were found mainly from the 1 mm sieve mesh fractions. Finally, the innovative computer vision system demonstrated the possibility of rapid detection of the presence of packaging remnants in FFPs when combined with a stereomicroscope. Concluding FFPs analysed in the present study can be considered safe, even though some improvements in FFP processing, in the feeding plant, can be useful in further reducing their microbial loads and impurity.

Former food products safety : microbiological quality and computer vision evaluation of packaging remnants contamination / M. Tretola, A.R. Di Rosa, E. Tirloni, M. Ottoboni, C. Giromini, F. Leone, C.E.M. Bernardi, V. Dell'Orto, V. Chiofalo, L. Pinotti. - In: FOOD ADDITIVES & CONTAMINANTS. PART A. CHEMISTRY, ANALYSIS, CONTROL, EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT. - ISSN 1944-0049. - 34:8(2017 May 17), pp. 1427-1435. [10.1080/19440049.2017.1325012]

Former food products safety : microbiological quality and computer vision evaluation of packaging remnants contamination

M. Tretola
Primo
;
E. Tirloni
Secondo
;
M. Ottoboni;C. Giromini;C.E.M. Bernardi;V. Dell'Orto;L. Pinotti
Ultimo
2017-05-17

Abstract

The use of alternative feed ingredients in farm animal's diets can be an interesting choice from several standpoints, including safety. In this respect, the aim of this study was to investigate the safety features of selected Former Food Products (FFPs) intended for animal nutrition produced in the framework of IZS PLV 06/14 RC project by a FFP processing plant. Six FFP samples, both mash and pelleted, were analysed for the enumeration of Total Viable Count (TVC) (ISO 4833), Enterobacteriaceae (ISO 21528-1), Escherichia coli (ISO 16649-1), coagulase-positive Staphylococci (CPS) (ISO 6888), presumptive B. cereus and its spores (ISO 7932), sulphite reducing Clostridia (ISO 7937), Yeasts and Moulds (ISO 21527-1) and the presence in 25 g of Salmonella spp. (ISO 6579). On the same samples, the presence of undesired ingredients which can be identified as remnants of packaging materials has been evaluated by two different methods: 1-stereomicroscopy according to published methods; 2. Stereomicroscopy coupled with a computer vision system (IRIS Visual Analyzer VA400). All FFPs analysed resulted safe from microbiological point of view. Total Viable Count was limited and Salmonella was always absent. When remnants of packaging materials have been considered, the contamination level was below to 0.08% (w/w). Of note, packaging remnants were found mainly from the 1 mm sieve mesh fractions. Finally, the innovative computer vision system demonstrated the possibility of rapid detection of the presence of packaging remnants in FFPs when combined with a stereomicroscope. Concluding FFPs analysed in the present study can be considered safe, even though some improvements in FFP processing, in the feeding plant, can be useful in further reducing their microbial loads and impurity.
computer vision; former food products; packaging remnants; safety evaluation; stereomicroscopy
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
Sicurezza degli ex prodotti alimentari utilizzati nell'alimentazione zootecnica
2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/495578
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