An understanding of the integrated relationships among the principal cellular functions that govern the bioenergetic reactions of an organism is necessary to determine how cells remain viable and optimise their fitness in the environment. Urease is a complex enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea to ammonia and carbonic acid. While the induction of urease activity by several microorganisms has been predominantly considered a stress-response that is initiated to generate a nitrogen source in response to a low environmental pH, here we demonstrate a new role of urease in the optimisation of cellular bioenergetics. We show that urea hydrolysis increases the catabolic efficiency of Streptococcus thermophilus, a lactic acid bacterium that is widely used in the industrial manufacture of dairy products. By modulating the intracellular pH and thereby increasing the activity of glycolytic enzymes, urease increases the overall change in enthalpy generated by the bioenergetic reactions. A cooperative altruistic behaviour of urease-positive microorganisms on the urease-negative microorganisms within the same environment was also observed. The physiological role of a single enzymatic activity demonstrates a novel and unexpected view of the non-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms that govern the bioenergetics of a bacterial cell, highlighting a new role for cytosol-alkalizing biochemical pathways in acidogenic microorganisms. The conserved role of alkalizing reactions across fermenting bacteria was also supported by the data obtained for S. pneumoniae and Lactococcus lactis.

Alkalizing reactions streamline cellular metabolism in fermenting microorganisms / D. Mora, S. Arioli, S. Guglielmetti, D. Fessas, M. Signorelli, E.M. Ragg, L. Scaglioni, D. Daffonchio, M. Karp, I. De Noni, M. Oggioni, L. Mulas. ((Intervento presentato al 10. convegno Symposium on Lactic Acid Bacteria tenutosi a Egmond aan Zee nel 2011.

Alkalizing reactions streamline cellular metabolism in fermenting microorganisms

D. Mora;S. Arioli;S. Guglielmetti;D. Fessas;M. Signorelli;E.M. Ragg;L. Scaglioni;D. Daffonchio;I. De Noni;
2011-09

Abstract

An understanding of the integrated relationships among the principal cellular functions that govern the bioenergetic reactions of an organism is necessary to determine how cells remain viable and optimise their fitness in the environment. Urease is a complex enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea to ammonia and carbonic acid. While the induction of urease activity by several microorganisms has been predominantly considered a stress-response that is initiated to generate a nitrogen source in response to a low environmental pH, here we demonstrate a new role of urease in the optimisation of cellular bioenergetics. We show that urea hydrolysis increases the catabolic efficiency of Streptococcus thermophilus, a lactic acid bacterium that is widely used in the industrial manufacture of dairy products. By modulating the intracellular pH and thereby increasing the activity of glycolytic enzymes, urease increases the overall change in enthalpy generated by the bioenergetic reactions. A cooperative altruistic behaviour of urease-positive microorganisms on the urease-negative microorganisms within the same environment was also observed. The physiological role of a single enzymatic activity demonstrates a novel and unexpected view of the non-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms that govern the bioenergetics of a bacterial cell, highlighting a new role for cytosol-alkalizing biochemical pathways in acidogenic microorganisms. The conserved role of alkalizing reactions across fermenting bacteria was also supported by the data obtained for S. pneumoniae and Lactococcus lactis.
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
Federation of European Microbiological Societies
Netherlands Society for Microbiology
http://www.lab10.org/
Alkalizing reactions streamline cellular metabolism in fermenting microorganisms / D. Mora, S. Arioli, S. Guglielmetti, D. Fessas, M. Signorelli, E.M. Ragg, L. Scaglioni, D. Daffonchio, M. Karp, I. De Noni, M. Oggioni, L. Mulas. ((Intervento presentato al 10. convegno Symposium on Lactic Acid Bacteria tenutosi a Egmond aan Zee nel 2011.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/166936
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