A colored and fiber-rich fraction from the debranning of purple wheat was incorporated at 25% into semolina- and flour-based pasta produced on a pilot-plant scale, with the aim of increasing anthocyanin and total phenolic content with respect to pasta obtained from whole pigmented grains. The debranning fraction impaired the formation of disulfide-stabilized protein networks in semolina-based systems. Recovery of phenolics was impaired by the pasta making process, and cooking decreased the phenolic content in both enriched samples. Cooking-related losses in anthocyanins and total phenolics were similar, but anthocyanins in the cooked semolina- based pasta were around 20% of what was expected from the formulation. HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography) profiling of phenolics was carried out on extracts from either type of enriched pasta both before and after cooking and indicate possible preferential retention of specific compounds in each type of enriched pasta. Extracts from cooked samples of either enriched pasta were tested as inhibitors of enzymes involved in glucose metabolism and uptake, as well as for their capacity of suppressing the response to inflammatory stimuli. Results of both biological tests indicate that the phenolics in extracts from both cooked pasta samples had inhibitory capacities higher than extracts of the original debranning fraction at identical concentrations of total bioactives.
Bio-Functional and Structural Properties of Pasta Enriched with a Debranning Fraction from Purple Wheat / P. Abbasi Parizad, M. MARENGO, F. BONOMI, A. SCARAFONI, C. Cecchini, M. Ambrogina Pagani, A. Marti, S. IAMETTI. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 9:2(2020), pp. 163.1-163.13.
|Titolo:||Bio-Functional and Structural Properties of Pasta Enriched with a Debranning Fraction from Purple Wheat|
|Parole Chiave:||pigmented wheat; anthocyanins; polyphenols; alpha-amylase inhibition; antiinflammatory activity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9020163|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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