Background: Oxidative stress is considered one of the mechanisms responsible for the gluten toxicity in sensitive patients. Among cereals, maize is used as an alternative to wheat in the gluten-free diet. Previous studies reported a significant antioxidant activity of white corn polyphenols, which are classified as soluble/free and bound/insoluble forms. Pigmented corns contain other active molecules such as anthocyanins, carontenoids and phenolic compounds with well-known bioactive properties. Aim: The aim of this study was the development of rapid methods for the characterization of phenolic profile and the evaluation of antioxidant activity, which were applied to different maize phenotypes. Methods: One purple corn, three yellow corns and three hybrids were analysed. Two extraction methods were applied for the evaluation of free and bound phenolic compounds. Then, different in vitro techniques were applied: 1) spectrophotometric assays for quantitative determination of phenolic content and antioxidant activity 2) High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography for the separation and semi-quantitative characterization of phenolic substances, assessing in parallel the associated antioxidant activity. Results and discussion: All analytical methods presented in this study showed a similar and comparable trend. Hybrid varieties showed an interesting antioxidant profile in terms of free and bound phenolic compounds. Conclusions: The methods developed in this study could offer important tools for the determination of antioxidant activity in corn. Among samples analysed, hybrid varieties presented an interested antioxidant activity and could improve the nutritional and sensory quality of gluten-free products.
|Titolo:||Development and application of fast methods to measure the phenolic profile and antioxidant activity and purple corn (Zea mays L.)|
COLOMBO, FRANCESCA (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2018|
|Parole Chiave:||Zea mays; gluten-free diet; antioxidant activity; HPTLC|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti|
|Citazione:||Development and application of fast methods to measure the phenolic profile and antioxidant activity and purple corn (Zea mays L.) / F. Colombo, K. Petroni, C. Di Lorenzo, S. Biella, R. Pilu, P. Restani. ((Intervento presentato al convegno New Trends on Sensing-Monitoring : telediagnosis for Life Sciences tenutosi a Brasov nel 2018.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|