Baker’s yeast intolerance is rising among Western populations, where Saccharomyces cerevisiae is spread in fermented food and food components. Zymomonas mobilis is a bacterium commonly used in tropical areas to produce alcoholic beverages, and it has only rarely been considered for dough leavening probably because it only ferments glucose, fructose and sucrose, which are scarcely present in flour. However, through alcoholic fermentation, similarly to S. cerevisiae, it provides an equimolar mixture of ethanol and CO₂ that can rise a dough. Here, we propose Z. mobilis as a new leavening agent, as an alternative to S. cerevisiae, overcoming its technological limit with different strategies: (1) adding glucose to the dough formulation; and (2) exploiting the maltose hydrolytic activity of Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis associated with Z. mobilis. CO₂ production, dough volume increase, pH value, microbial counts, sugars consumption and ethanol production were monitored. Results suggest that glucose addition to the dough lets Z. mobilis efficiently leaven a dough, while glucose released by L. sanfranciscensis is not so well fermented by Z. mobilis, probably due to the strong acidification. Nevertheless, the use of Z. mobilis as a leavening agent could contribute to increasing the variety of baked goods alternative to those leavened by S. cerevisiae.
Can Zymomonas mobilis Substitute Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Cereal Dough Leavening? / A. Musatti, C. Mapelli, M. Rollini, R. Foschino, C. Picozzi. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 7:4(2018 Apr 16), pp. 61.1-61.8.
|Titolo:||Can Zymomonas mobilis Substitute Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Cereal Dough Leavening?|
MUSATTI, ALIDA (Primo)
MAPELLI, CHIARA (Secondo)
PICOZZI, CLAUDIA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Zymomonas mobilis; anti-S. cerevisiae antibodies; bakery products; dough leavening; sourdough|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||16-apr-2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods7040061|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|