This study aimed to evaluate the shelf life of sliced cooked liver mortadella packaged in MAP (70-85% N2, 15-30% CO2) and stored in refrigeration (4°C) or slight thermal abuse (8°C) for up to 49 days (declared best before date 45 days). The proximate composition, aw nitrites and NaCl content were determined at T0. Weekly, samples were submitted to micro- biological [total viable count (TVC), lactic acid bacteria (LAB), Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas spp., coagulase positive staphylococci, sulphite reducing clostridia, yeasts and moulds, Listeria monocy- togenes and Salmonella spp.] and physical- chemical analyses [pH, colorimetric parame- ters, total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN), thio- barbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs)], in parallel with consumer acceptability tests. The product characteristics (low salt and nitrites concentration, high aw and pH close to 6.5) were not efficient hurdles for microbial growth. No pathogens were detected in the samples; the initial TVC [5.4 Log colony form- ing unit (CFU)/g] increased rapidly, reaching values around 8 Log CFU/g at T14 for both the series, and was almost totally composed by LAB, leading to the acidification of the product (pH at T49=5.05 at 4°C and 5.24 at 8°C). The other microbiological parameters were below 2 Log CFU/g. The product showed a good protein and lipid stability (TVBN <33 N/100 g and TBARs <8 nmol/g at T49). The sensorial quali- ty of liver mortadella was more affected by the storage time than by the temperature. An evi- dent colour modification was detected after T35, when the product was also frequently rejected by the panellists, mainly due to odour. Thus, the shelf life of sliced cooked liver mor- tadella should be shortened below 30 days.
Microbiological and chemical-physical shelf-life and panel test to evaluate acceptability of liver mortadella / E. Tirloni, S. Stella, C. Bernardi, V.M. Moretti, C. Bersani, P. Cattaneo. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY. - ISSN 2239-7132. - 5:4(2016), pp. 6165.229-6165.233.
|Titolo:||Microbiological and chemical-physical shelf-life and panel test to evaluate acceptability of liver mortadella|
TIRLONI, ERICA (Primo)
STELLA, SIMONE (Secondo)
BERSANI, CARLA (Penultimo)
CATTANEO, PATRIZIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||liver mortadella; shelf life; oxidation; lactic acid bacteria|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/04 - Ispezione degli Alimenti di Origine Animale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/ijfs.2016.6165|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|