To date it is well known that the quality of farmed trout is affected by diet composition, by feeding regime, by husbandry practices and by rearing conditions and environment. The trout processing industry and the large-scale retail trade, in consideration of the wide variability of trout quality and characteristics, have imposed, or will soon impose, quality criteria for the end product. Moreover, recent food scares and the malpractices of some food producers have increased public requests for traceability. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the main chemical quality and the biometrical characteristics of rainbow trout produced in three different farms in Italy (two intensive farms, located one on mountain and one on plain, and an extensive farm in which fish fed only on naturally available nutrients) and to establish whether farmed trout origins could be differentiated by these parameters. Trout farmed in the intensive mountain farm (IMF) showed the highest crude lipid content in the fillets and the fatty acids of their fillets were characterized by the highest percentage of MUFA. Trout farmed in the intensive plain farm (IPF) were characterized by low dressing percentage, and the lipid of their fillets was rich in n-6 fatty acids. Trout stocked for the last year of their life in the extensive farm (EF) were leaner both in the carcass and in the fillets. The analysis of flavor volatile compounds showed some differences in the bouquet design, particularly differences in the amounts of n-3 and n-6 derivates volatile aldehydes and alcohols. All data significantly different (P<0.05) were subjected to Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and 8 variables were chosen to create two discriminant equations generating a strong prediction model for classification of farmed trout respective to their origins.
|Titolo:||Discrimination of origin of farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavour volatile compounds|
|Autori interni:||MORETTI, VITTORIO MARIA (Penultimo)|
TURCHINI, GIOVANNI MARIO (Primo)
GIANI, IVAN (Secondo)
VALFRE', FRANCO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Fillet quality; Flavor volatile compounds; Linear discriminant analysis (LDA); Oncorhynchus mykiss; Rainbow trout|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.4081/ijas.2004.123|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
- PubMed Central loading...