Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a primary genetic cause of infant mortality due to mutations in the Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) 1 gene. No cure is available. Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) aimed at increasing SMN levels from the paralogous SMN2 gene represent a possible therapeutic strategy. Here, we tested in SMA human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and iPSC-differentiated motor neurons, three different RNA approaches based on morpholino antisense targeting of the ISSN-1, exon-specific U1 small nuclear RNA (ExSpeU1), and Transcription Activator-Like Effector-Transcription Factor (TALE-TF). All strategies act modulating SMN2 RNA: ASO affects exon 7 splicing, TALE-TF increase SMN2 RNA acting on the promoter, while ExSpeU1 improves pre-mRNA processing. These approaches induced up-regulation of full-length SMN mRNA and differentially affected the Delta-7 isoform: ASO reduced this isoform, while ExSpeU1 and TALE-TF increased it. All approaches upregulate the SMN protein and significantly improve the in vitro SMA motor neurons survival. Thus, these findings demonstrate that therapeutic tools that act on SMN2 RNA are able to rescue the SMA disease phenotype. Our data confirm the feasibility of SMA iPSCs as in vitro disease models and we propose novel RNA approaches as potential therapeutic strategies for treating SMA and other genetic neurological disorders.
Spinal muscular atrophy phenotype is ameliorated in human motor neurons by SMN increase via different novel RNA therapeutic approaches / M. Nizzardo, C. Simone, S. Dametti, S. Salani, G. Ulzi, S. Pagliarani, F. Rizzo, E. Frattini, F. Pagani, N. Bresolin, G. Comi, S. Corti. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 5(2015), pp. 11746.1-11746.13.
|Titolo:||Spinal muscular atrophy phenotype is ameliorated in human motor neurons by SMN increase via different novel RNA therapeutic approaches|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
|Progetto:||Pathogenetic role of differentially expressed/spliced genes in Spinal Muscular Atrophy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep11746|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|