AimsThe objective of this review was to collect available data on the following: (i) adverse effects observed in humans from the intake of plant food supplements or botanical preparations; (ii) the misidentification of poisonous plants; and (iii) interactions between plant food supplements/botanicals and conventional drugs or nutrients. MethodsPubMed/MEDLINE and Embase were searched from database inception to June 2014, using the terms adverse effect/s', poisoning/s', plant food supplement/s', misidentification/s' and interaction/s' in combination with the relevant plant name. All papers were critically evaluated according to the World Health Organization Guidelines for causality assessment. ResultsData were obtained for 66 plants that are common ingredients of plant food supplements; of the 492 papers selected, 402 (81.7%) dealt with adverse effects directly associated with the botanical and 89 (18.1%) concerned interactions with conventional drugs. Only one case was associated with misidentification. Adverse effects were reported for 39 of the 66 botanical substances searched. Of the total references, 86.6% were associated with 14 plants, including Glycine max/soybean (19.3%), Glycyrrhiza glabra/liquorice (12.2%), Camellia sinensis/green tea ( 8.7%) and Ginkgo biloba/gingko (8.5%). ConclusionsConsidering the length of time examined and the number of plants included in the review, it is remarkable that: (i) the adverse effects due to botanical ingredients were relatively infrequent, if assessed for causality; and (ii) the number of severe clinical reactions was very limited, but some fatal cases have been described. Data presented in this review were assessed for quality in order to make the results maximally useful for clinicians in identifying or excluding deleterious effects of botanicals.
Adverse effects of plant food supplements and botanical preparations: a systematic review with critical evaluation of causality / C. Di Lorenzo, A. Ceschi, H. Kupferschmidt, S. Lüde, E. De Souza Nascimento, A. Dos Santos, F. Colombo, G. Frigerio, K. Nørby, J. Plumb, P. Finglas, P. Restani. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0306-5251. - 79:4(2015), pp. 578-592.
|Titolo:||Adverse effects of plant food supplements and botanical preparations: a systematic review with critical evaluation of causality|
DI LORENZO, CHIARA MARIA (Primo)
RESTANI, PATRIZIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||adverse effects; biomarkers; botanicals; interactions; misidentification; poison centres|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti|
|Progetto:||Plant food supplements: Levels of Intake, Benefit and Risk Assessment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bcp.12519|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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