Background Natural history of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in adult age has not been fully elucidated yet, including factors predicting disease progression and response to treatments. Aim of this retrospective, cross-sectional study, is to investigate motor function across different ages, disease patterns and gender in adult SMA untreated patients. Methods Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) clinical and molecular diagnosis of SMA2, SMA3 or SMA4 and (2) clinical assessments performed in adult age (>18 years). Results We included 64 (38.8%) females and 101 (61.2%) males (p=0.0025), among which 21 (12.7%) SMA2, 141 (85.5%) SMA3 and 3 (1.8%) SMA4. Ratio of sitters/walkers within the SMA3 subgroup was significantly (p=0.016) higher in males (46/38) than in females (19/38). Median age at onset was significantly (p=0.0071) earlier in females (3 years; range 0-16) than in males (4 years; range 0.3-28), especially in patients carrying 4 SMN2 copies. Median Hammersmith Functional Rating Scale Expanded scores were significantly (p=0.0040) lower in males (16, range 0-64) than in females (40, range 0-62); median revised upper limb module scores were not significantly (p=0.059) different between males (24, 0-38) and females (33, range 0-38), although a trend towards worse performance in males was observed. In SMA3 patients carrying three or four SMN2 copies, an effect of female sex in prolonging ambulation was statistically significant (p=0.034). Conclusions Our data showed a relevant gender effect on SMA motor function with higher disease severity in males especially in the young adult age and in SMA3 patients.

Adults with spinal muscular atrophy: a large-scale natural history study shows gender effect on disease / L. Maggi, L. Bello, S. Bonanno, A. Govoni, C. Caponnetto, L. Passamano, M. Grandis, F. Trojsi, F. Cerri, A. Gardani, M. Ferraro, G. Gadaleta, V. Zangaro, L. Caumo, M. Maioli, R. Tanel, E. Saccani, M. Meneri, V. Vacchiano, G. Ricci, G. Sorarù, E. D'Errico, S. Bortolani, G. Pavesi, C. Gellera, R. Zanin, S. Corti, M. Silvestrini, L. Politano, A. Schenone, S.C. Previtali, A. Berardinelli, M. Turri, L. Verriello, M. Coccia, R. Mantegazza, R. Liguori, M. Filosto, G. Marrosu, F.D. Tiziano, G. Siciliano, I.L. Simone, T. Mongini, G. Comi, E. Pegoraro. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0022-3050. - 93:12(2022 Oct 11), pp. 1253-1261. [10.1136/jnnp-2022-329320]

Adults with spinal muscular atrophy: a large-scale natural history study shows gender effect on disease

L. Maggi
;
A. Govoni;M. Meneri;G. Ricci;S. Corti;G. Comi
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Background Natural history of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) in adult age has not been fully elucidated yet, including factors predicting disease progression and response to treatments. Aim of this retrospective, cross-sectional study, is to investigate motor function across different ages, disease patterns and gender in adult SMA untreated patients. Methods Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) clinical and molecular diagnosis of SMA2, SMA3 or SMA4 and (2) clinical assessments performed in adult age (>18 years). Results We included 64 (38.8%) females and 101 (61.2%) males (p=0.0025), among which 21 (12.7%) SMA2, 141 (85.5%) SMA3 and 3 (1.8%) SMA4. Ratio of sitters/walkers within the SMA3 subgroup was significantly (p=0.016) higher in males (46/38) than in females (19/38). Median age at onset was significantly (p=0.0071) earlier in females (3 years; range 0-16) than in males (4 years; range 0.3-28), especially in patients carrying 4 SMN2 copies. Median Hammersmith Functional Rating Scale Expanded scores were significantly (p=0.0040) lower in males (16, range 0-64) than in females (40, range 0-62); median revised upper limb module scores were not significantly (p=0.059) different between males (24, 0-38) and females (33, range 0-38), although a trend towards worse performance in males was observed. In SMA3 patients carrying three or four SMN2 copies, an effect of female sex in prolonging ambulation was statistically significant (p=0.034). Conclusions Our data showed a relevant gender effect on SMA motor function with higher disease severity in males especially in the young adult age and in SMA3 patients.
motor neuron disease; neuromuscular; spinal muscular atro
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/944641
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