Fatty acids (FA) profile of dairy products is related to the livestock production system and to dietary regimen supplied to animals in the farm. Consumers perceive mountain cheese as more healthy and ‘natural’, is associated with a non-intensive production system linked to local/artisanal traditions. In this study, cheese samples from cows fed Alpine pasture grass collected in two Italian farms were characterized by means of multivariate analysis performed on feedstuffs composition and cheese FA profile. Farm A was characterized by the exclusive employment of grazing in Alpine pastures set at 2000 m asl. In farm B cows were fed daily-cut fresh grass harvested in an alpine valley set at 1300 m asl during the day and supplied with a mix of hay and concentrates during the night, in the ratio grass/mixed ration 65/35. Feedstuffs and cheese samples were collected once a week from July to September. Chemical and FA composition of feedstuffs were analysed by standardized methods. The FA profile of cheese was analysed by GC-FID. Samples collected from different farms were compared by means of non-parametric tests and then Principal Component Analysis was performed based on correlations. FA profile of the diet consisting exclusively of Alpine pasture grass (farm A) showed a higher content of α-linolenic acid and lower content of linoleic acid compared to the diet in farm B. Cheese collected in farm A showed a FA profile enriched in odd and branched chain FA (4.40±0.20%), MUFA (34.05±1.08%) and cis9trans11 CLA (1.49±0.07%), positively correlated to the amount of NDF, ADF, palmitoleic acid and α-linolenic acid in the feedstuffs. Cheese collected in farm B showed a FA profile enriched in n-6FA (3.18±0.15%), mainly linoleic acid (2.81±0.14%), and SFA (67.40±0.87%), particularly the medium chain lauric (4.03±0.15%), myristic (12.16±0.29%) and palmitic acid (29.60±1.23%), positively correlated to the amount of stearic, oleic and linoleic acid and negatively correlated to the amount of NDF in the ration. Differences were detected among cheese samples collected in farms where cows were fed exclusively Alpine pasture grass or integrated with forage and concentrates. However, all cheese samples analysed were characterized by a high nutritional quality FA profile due to the bovine consumption of fresh grass, thus supporting consumers’ appreciation toward mountain products.

Characterization of mountain cheese from cows fed Alpine pasture grass by fatty acids composition and multivariate analysis / A. Lopez, F. Bellagamba, G. Savoini, V.M. Moretti, D.M.I.R. Cattaneo. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1828-051X. - 20:suppl.1(2021), pp. P172.191-P172.191. ((Intervento presentato al 24. convegno Congress of the Animal Science and Production Association tenutosi a Padova nel 2021.

Characterization of mountain cheese from cows fed Alpine pasture grass by fatty acids composition and multivariate analysis

A. Lopez
Primo
Investigation
;
F. Bellagamba
Secondo
Conceptualization
;
G. Savoini
Writing – Review & Editing
;
V.M. Moretti
Penultimo
Validation
;
D.M.I.R. Cattaneo
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2021

Abstract

Fatty acids (FA) profile of dairy products is related to the livestock production system and to dietary regimen supplied to animals in the farm. Consumers perceive mountain cheese as more healthy and ‘natural’, is associated with a non-intensive production system linked to local/artisanal traditions. In this study, cheese samples from cows fed Alpine pasture grass collected in two Italian farms were characterized by means of multivariate analysis performed on feedstuffs composition and cheese FA profile. Farm A was characterized by the exclusive employment of grazing in Alpine pastures set at 2000 m asl. In farm B cows were fed daily-cut fresh grass harvested in an alpine valley set at 1300 m asl during the day and supplied with a mix of hay and concentrates during the night, in the ratio grass/mixed ration 65/35. Feedstuffs and cheese samples were collected once a week from July to September. Chemical and FA composition of feedstuffs were analysed by standardized methods. The FA profile of cheese was analysed by GC-FID. Samples collected from different farms were compared by means of non-parametric tests and then Principal Component Analysis was performed based on correlations. FA profile of the diet consisting exclusively of Alpine pasture grass (farm A) showed a higher content of α-linolenic acid and lower content of linoleic acid compared to the diet in farm B. Cheese collected in farm A showed a FA profile enriched in odd and branched chain FA (4.40±0.20%), MUFA (34.05±1.08%) and cis9trans11 CLA (1.49±0.07%), positively correlated to the amount of NDF, ADF, palmitoleic acid and α-linolenic acid in the feedstuffs. Cheese collected in farm B showed a FA profile enriched in n-6FA (3.18±0.15%), mainly linoleic acid (2.81±0.14%), and SFA (67.40±0.87%), particularly the medium chain lauric (4.03±0.15%), myristic (12.16±0.29%) and palmitic acid (29.60±1.23%), positively correlated to the amount of stearic, oleic and linoleic acid and negatively correlated to the amount of NDF in the ration. Differences were detected among cheese samples collected in farms where cows were fed exclusively Alpine pasture grass or integrated with forage and concentrates. However, all cheese samples analysed were characterized by a high nutritional quality FA profile due to the bovine consumption of fresh grass, thus supporting consumers’ appreciation toward mountain products.
Settore AGR/19 - Zootecnica Speciale
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
Animal Science and production Association
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/880828
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