This work investigates the effects of red rice (R) or buckwheat (B) flour addition on nutritional, technological, and sensory quality of potato-based pasta (gnocchi). Three gluten-free (GF) and three conventional (C) samples were produced in an industrial line without any addition or with 20% R or B. R and B addition significantly (p < 0.05) reduced starch content and increased fat amount and ready digestible starch fraction (potential higher glycemic impact). R addition significantly (p < 0.05) worsened GF pasta structure, increasing solid loss in cooking water (5.4 ± 1.2 vs. 4.1 ± 0.5 g/100 g pasta) and reducing product firmness (408 ± 13 vs. 108 ± 2 N). B addition resulted in intermediate consistency (243 ± 8 N), despite the highest total fiber content and weight increase during cooking. Similar trends were found in C samples, indicating a better texturizing capacity of B in comparison to R. Samples without any addition were the most liked (C = 67.4 and GF = 60.6). Texture was the major contributor to liking: uniform structure and firm texture were positive predictors of liking, whereas a granular and coarse matrix contributed negatively. The outcomes of this research can be useful in developing GF potato-based pasta for consumers focused on healthier foods and for industries willing to better valorize their products.

Effects of red rice or buckwheat addition on nutritional, technological, and sensory quality of potato-based pasta / C. Cappa, M. Laureati, M.C. Casiraghi, D. Erba, M. Vezzani, M. Lucisano, C. Alamprese. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 10:1(2021 Jan 05), pp. 91.1-91.14. [10.3390/foods10010091]

Effects of red rice or buckwheat addition on nutritional, technological, and sensory quality of potato-based pasta

C. Cappa
Primo
;
M. Laureati
Secondo
;
M.C. Casiraghi;D. Erba;M. Lucisano
Penultimo
;
C. Alamprese
Ultimo
2021-01-05

Abstract

This work investigates the effects of red rice (R) or buckwheat (B) flour addition on nutritional, technological, and sensory quality of potato-based pasta (gnocchi). Three gluten-free (GF) and three conventional (C) samples were produced in an industrial line without any addition or with 20% R or B. R and B addition significantly (p < 0.05) reduced starch content and increased fat amount and ready digestible starch fraction (potential higher glycemic impact). R addition significantly (p < 0.05) worsened GF pasta structure, increasing solid loss in cooking water (5.4 ± 1.2 vs. 4.1 ± 0.5 g/100 g pasta) and reducing product firmness (408 ± 13 vs. 108 ± 2 N). B addition resulted in intermediate consistency (243 ± 8 N), despite the highest total fiber content and weight increase during cooking. Similar trends were found in C samples, indicating a better texturizing capacity of B in comparison to R. Samples without any addition were the most liked (C = 67.4 and GF = 60.6). Texture was the major contributor to liking: uniform structure and firm texture were positive predictors of liking, whereas a granular and coarse matrix contributed negatively. The outcomes of this research can be useful in developing GF potato-based pasta for consumers focused on healthier foods and for industries willing to better valorize their products.
color; consumer acceptability; cooking behavior; dumpling; fiber content; gluten free pasta; gnocchi; liking predictors; starch digestibility; texture
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
Tecnologie innovative per la produzione di pasta fresca senza glutine e format distributivi Street food di nuova concezione
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/808656
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