The influence of free fatty acids (FFAs) on the nisin-membrane interaction was investigated through micro-DSC and fluorescence spectroscopy. A simple but informative model membrane was prepared (5.7 DMPC:3.8 DPPS:0.5 DOPC molar ratio) by considering the presence of different phospholipid headgroups in charge and size and different phospholipid tails in length and unsaturation level, allowing the discrimination of the combined interaction of nisin and FFAs with the single phospholipid constituents. The effects of six FFAs on membrane stability were evaluated, namely two saturated FFAs (palmitic acid and stearic acid), two monounsaturated FFAs (cis-unsaturated oleic acid and trans-unsaturated elaidic acid) and two cis-polyunsaturated FFAs (ω-6 linoleic acid and ω-3 docosahexaenoic acid). The results permitted assessment of a thermodynamic picture of such interactions which indicates that the peptide-membrane interaction does not overlook the presence of FFAs within the lipid bilayer since both FFAs and nisin are able to selectively promote thermodynamic phase separations as well as a general lipid reorganization within the host membrane. Furthermore, the magnitude of the effects may be different depending on the FFA chemical structure as well as the membrane lipid composition.
Influence of Free Fatty Acids on Lipid Membrane-Nisin Interaction / F. Saitta, P. Motta, A. Barbiroli, M. Signorelli, C. La Rosa, A. Janaszewska, B. Klajnert-Maculewicz, D. Fessas. - In: LANGMUIR. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 36:45(2020 Nov 17), pp. 13535-13544.
|Titolo:||Influence of Free Fatty Acids on Lipid Membrane-Nisin Interaction|
SAITTA, FRANCESCA (Primo)
FESSAS, DIMITRIOS (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-nov-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c02266|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|