Pigmented rice cultivars, namely Venere and Artemide, are a source of bioactive molecules, in particular phenolics, including anthocyanins, exerting a positive effect on cardiovascular systems thanks also to their antioxidant capacity. This study aimed to determine the total phenol index (TPI), total flavonoids (TF), total anthocyanins (TA) and in vitro antioxidant capacity in 12 batches of Venere cultivar and two batches of Artemide cultivar. The rice was cooked using different methods (boiling, microwave, pressure cooker, water bath, rice cooker) with the purpose to individuate the procedure limiting the loss of bioactive compounds. TPI, TF and TA were spectrophotometrically determined in both raw and cooked rice samples. Rice samples of Artemide cultivars were richer in TPI (17.7-18.8 vs. 8.2-11.9 g gallic acid/kg in Venere rice), TF (13.1 vs. 5.0-7.1 g catechin/kg rice for Venere rice) and TA (3.2-3.4 vs. 1.8-2.9 g Cy-3glc/kg for Venere rice) in comparison to those of Venere cultivar; as well, they showed higher antioxidant capacity (46.6-47.8 vs. 14.4-31.9 mM Trolox/kg for Venere rice). Among the investigated cooking methods, the rice cooker and the water bath led to lower and comparable losses of phenolics. Interestingly, the cooking water remaining after cooking with the rice cooker was rich in phenolics. The consumption of a portion of rice (100 g) cooked with the rice cooker with its own cooking water can supply 240 mg catechin and 711 mg cyanidin 3-O-glucoside for Venere rice and 545 mg catechin and 614 mg cyanidin 3-O-glucoside for Artemide rice, with a potential positive effect on health.
Impact of Cooking on Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Pigmented Rice Cultivars / D. Fracassetti, C. Pozzoli, S. Vitalini, A.G. Tirelli, M. Iriti. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 9:8(2020 Jul 22), pp. 967.1-967.12.
|Titolo:||Impact of Cooking on Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Pigmented Rice Cultivars|
FRACASSETTI, DANIELA (Primo)
IRITI, MARCELLO (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Artemide rice; Venere rice; anthocyanins; antiradical; flavonoids; phenols|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
Settore AGR/12 - Patologia Vegetale
|Data di pubblicazione:||22-lug-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9080967|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|