This study investigates the effects of three cooking methods (boiling, steaming and microwaving) on the nutritional and physical properties of cauliflowers, carrots and sweet potatoes; e-senses were applied to interpret the sensory characteristics according to physico-chemical aspects. The nutritional quality was evaluated by determining the concentrations of key components and the antioxidant activity; e-sense data, combined with texture parameters, were processed by a principal component analysis. The cooking method and time significantly influenced the quality of the three products. Boiling, which detrimentally affected ascorbic acid, total phenolic concentration and antioxidant activity, enhanced carotene accessibility. Steaming produced losses in ascorbic acid, increasing total phenolics and carotenoids. Microwaving resulted in minor changes in ascorbic acid concentrations, preserved carotenoids and increased total phenolics. The nutritional quality was better preserved or enhanced using shorter cooking times. The elaboration of the data collected by the e-senses showed a clear evolution according to the cooking method and time. The results helped to determine the cooking method that best preserves the nutritional properties of the vegetables, highlighting the applicability of rapid instrumental methods to interpret the evolution of sensory characteristics.
Influence of Cooking Conditions on Nutritional Properties and Sensory Characteristics Interpreted by E-Senses: Case-Study on Selected Vegetables / S. Buratti, C. Cappa, S. Benedetti, G. Giovanelli. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 9:5(2020 May 09).
|Titolo:||Influence of Cooking Conditions on Nutritional Properties and Sensory Characteristics Interpreted by E-Senses: Case-Study on Selected Vegetables|
BURATTI, SUSANNA (Primo)
CAPPA, CAROLA (Secondo) (Corresponding)
BENEDETTI, SIMONA (Penultimo)
GIOVANELLI, GABRIELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||antioxidant capacity; carrot; cauliflower; cooking method; e-eye; e-nose; e-tongue; sweet potato; texture|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
|Data di pubblicazione:||9-mag-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/foods9050607|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|