Animal manure is one of the diffusion routes of heavy metals and metalloids into the environment, where the soil can accumulate them. Heavy metals and metalloids can then be released into groundwater sources, be absorbed by crops, and enter the food chain with negative effects for human and animal health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of heavy metals and mineral nutrients from modern animal rearing systems in order to develop effective strategies to increase the sustainability. Samples of feed (n¼24: n¼16 from swine, n¼8 from cattle), faeces (n¼120: n¼80 from swine, n¼40 from cattle) and water (n¼8), were collected from eight typical intensive swine and cattle farms located in northern Italy. All samples were analysed for the humidity and the principal components. The samples were also dried, mineralised, and analysed by ICP-MS to detect the following elements: Na, Mg, K, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Mo, Cd, and Pb. The swine diets represented the highest amounts of Zn and Cu, with an average concentration for the finishing and weaning phases of Zn: 1737.9 ± 301.3; 821.7 ± 301.3; Cu: 133.8 ± 11.6; 160.1 ± 11.6 mg/kg as fed, respectively. The faecal content reflected the heavy metal composition from feed. The average content of cattle diets of Zn and Cu did not result higher than the maximum permitted levels. We observed that the swine manure represented the sources of Zn and Cu output into the environment. The Zn and Cu content should be monitored strictly in line with agroecology principles.

Evaluation of concentration of heavy metals in animal rearing system / M. Hejna, A. Moscatelli, E. Onelli, A. Baldi, S.R. Pilu, L. Rossi. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1828-051X. - 18:1(2019 Jan 02), pp. 1372-1384. [10.1080/1828051X.2019.1642806]

Evaluation of concentration of heavy metals in animal rearing system

M. Hejna
Primo
;
A. Moscatelli
Secondo
;
E. Onelli;A. Baldi;S.R. Pilu
Penultimo
;
L. Rossi
Ultimo
2019-01-02

Abstract

Animal manure is one of the diffusion routes of heavy metals and metalloids into the environment, where the soil can accumulate them. Heavy metals and metalloids can then be released into groundwater sources, be absorbed by crops, and enter the food chain with negative effects for human and animal health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of heavy metals and mineral nutrients from modern animal rearing systems in order to develop effective strategies to increase the sustainability. Samples of feed (n¼24: n¼16 from swine, n¼8 from cattle), faeces (n¼120: n¼80 from swine, n¼40 from cattle) and water (n¼8), were collected from eight typical intensive swine and cattle farms located in northern Italy. All samples were analysed for the humidity and the principal components. The samples were also dried, mineralised, and analysed by ICP-MS to detect the following elements: Na, Mg, K, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se, Mo, Cd, and Pb. The swine diets represented the highest amounts of Zn and Cu, with an average concentration for the finishing and weaning phases of Zn: 1737.9 ± 301.3; 821.7 ± 301.3; Cu: 133.8 ± 11.6; 160.1 ± 11.6 mg/kg as fed, respectively. The faecal content reflected the heavy metal composition from feed. The average content of cattle diets of Zn and Cu did not result higher than the maximum permitted levels. We observed that the swine manure represented the sources of Zn and Cu output into the environment. The Zn and Cu content should be monitored strictly in line with agroecology principles.
Heavy metals; zinc and copper; animal production; swine and cattle nutritional ecology; environmental impact
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
Recupero di metalli pesanti da reflui di allevamenti attraverso cicli di fitodepurazione a basso costo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/682315
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