BACKGROUND: Several proteins have been identified as peanut allergens; among them, Ara h 1 (7S globulin) and Ara h 2 (2S globulin) are usually considered the major allergens. OBJECTIVE: To identify the major allergens in a group of children selected for their specific pattern of immunoreactivity. METHODS: We identified the dominant allergen by using (1) amino acid sequencing of the bands that show the strongest IgE immunoreactivity in 1-dimensional electrophoresis and immunoblotting and (2) specific animal IgGs raised against the dominant immunoreactive band to pinpoint the allergen(s) in peanut proteins separated by 2-dimensional electrophoresis and immunoblotting. To confirm these data, we further examined the peanut proteome using serum samples from the children with the unusual immunoreactivity. RESULTS: We found a group of children with marked peanut allergy who are specifically sensitized to the basic subunit of Ara h 3 (11S globulin family). CONCLUSION: That the dominant immunoreactivity in these patients is in a basic subunit of Ara h 3 was unexpected, because previous studies had indicated that Ara h 3 was only a minor peanut allergen and that the identified allergenic epitopes occurred mainly in the acidic Ara h 3 subunit.
|Titolo:||Identification of the basic subunit of Ara h 3 as the major allergen in a group of children allergic to peanuts|
|Autori interni:||RESTANI, PATRIZIA (Primo)|
BALLABIO, CINZIA (Secondo)
DURANTI, MARCELLO MARIA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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