Background and Aims: The light-struck taste is a fault occurring in light-exposed white wine containing methionine and a high concentration of riboflavin (RF) and bottled in clear bottles. These conditions induce the formation of methanethiol and dimethyl disulfide, responsible for a cabbage-like aroma. In order to decrease the risk of wine spoilage, a low concentration of RF should be obtained in wine either by preventing RF release from yeast during winemaking or by removing RF from wine. Methods and Results: Fifteen commercial Saccharomyces strains intended for the wine industry were tested for RF production which was also evaluated when two yeast-based nutrients were added into the must for one of these strains. The RF released during vinification was strain-dependent and a concentration from 30 to 170 g/L was found in wine. A high concentration of RF was released in presence of the yeast-based nutrients due to either the yeast metabolism or the RF contained in the nutrient itself. The ability of different inorganic (bentonite, charcoal, zeolite, kaolin) and organic adjuvants (egg-white proteins, polyvinylpolypyrrolidone) to deplete RF in wine was evaluated. A relatively low level of charcoal (50 mg/L) removed up to 60% of RF in wine, though its effectiveness was related to the charcoal source. A high concentration of bentonite (1 g/L) was needed to effectively decrease the risk of wine spoilage. Conclusion: A critical RF concentration in white wine can be prevented by applying one or more approaches in winemaking: using low RF-producing yeast strains in fermentation, selecting suitable yeast nutrients or adsorbing RF by insoluble charcoal or bentonite. Significance of the study: The research highlights suitable tools to prevent light-struck taste in white winemaking.
Approaches to prevent the light-struck taste in white wine / D. Fracassetti, M. Gabrielli, J. Encinas, M. Manara, L. Pellegrino, A. Tirelli. - In: AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF GRAPE AND WINE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1322-7130. - 23:3(2017), pp. 329-333.
|Titolo:||Approaches to prevent the light-struck taste in white wine|
FRACASSETTI, DANIELA (Primo)
GABRIELLI, MARIO (Secondo)
TIRELLI, ANTONIO GIOVANNI (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||bentonite; charcoal; light-struck taste; riboflavin; white wine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajgw.12295|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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