The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of light microscopy with a differential staining technique for the discrimination of insect material from marine arthropods - classified as fishmeal. Specifically, three samples of single species insect material, Hermetia illucens (HI), Bombyx mori (BM) and Tenebrio molitor (TM) and two samples of marine arthropods, shrimp material and krill, have been analysed and compared after staining by two reagents to enhance fragment identification. Alizarin Red (AR) and Chlorazol black (CB), which react respectively with calcium salts and chitin, were tested for their potential efficacy in distinguishing between insect and marine materials. Results indicated that AR failed to stain HI, BM and TM materials. By contrast, the three insect species materials tested (HI, BM and TM) were stained by CB. When shrimp fragments and krill were considered, AR and CB stained marine materials reddish-pink and light blue to black, respectively. By combining these results it can be suggested that CB staining may efficiently be used to mark insect materials; AR does stain shrimp fragments but does not stain the tested insect material, indicating a possible approach for discriminating between insects and marine arthropods. However, since the present study has only been done on pure materials and on a small set of samples, possible implementation of this technique still needs to be confirmed in complex matrices such as compound feed.

Light microscopy with a differential staining technique for the characterization and discrimination of insects versus marine arthropods in processed animal proteins / M. Ottoboni, M. Tretola, F. Cheli, D. Marchis, P. Veys, V. Baeten, L. Pinotti. - In: FOOD ADDITIVES & CONTAMINANTS. PART A. CHEMISTRY, ANALYSIS, CONTROL, EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT. - ISSN 1944-0049. - (2017). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1080/19440049.2016.1278464]

Light microscopy with a differential staining technique for the characterization and discrimination of insects versus marine arthropods in processed animal proteins

M. Ottoboni
Primo
;
M. Tretola
Secondo
;
F. Cheli;L. Pinotti
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of light microscopy with a differential staining technique for the discrimination of insect material from marine arthropods - classified as fishmeal. Specifically, three samples of single species insect material, Hermetia illucens (HI), Bombyx mori (BM) and Tenebrio molitor (TM) and two samples of marine arthropods, shrimp material and krill, have been analysed and compared after staining by two reagents to enhance fragment identification. Alizarin Red (AR) and Chlorazol black (CB), which react respectively with calcium salts and chitin, were tested for their potential efficacy in distinguishing between insect and marine materials. Results indicated that AR failed to stain HI, BM and TM materials. By contrast, the three insect species materials tested (HI, BM and TM) were stained by CB. When shrimp fragments and krill were considered, AR and CB stained marine materials reddish-pink and light blue to black, respectively. By combining these results it can be suggested that CB staining may efficiently be used to mark insect materials; AR does stain shrimp fragments but does not stain the tested insect material, indicating a possible approach for discriminating between insects and marine arthropods. However, since the present study has only been done on pure materials and on a small set of samples, possible implementation of this technique still needs to be confirmed in complex matrices such as compound feed.
arthropods; identification; insect meals; microscopy; staining
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
20-gen-2017
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/472742
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