Dekkera bruxellensis is a yeast known to affect the quality of wine and beer. This species, due to its high ethanol and acid tolerance, has been reported also to compete with Saccharomyces cerevisiae in distilleries producing fuel ethanol. In order to understand how this species responds when exposed to low temperatures, some mechanisms like synthesis and accumulation of intracellular metabolites, changes in lipid composition and activation of the HOG-MAPK pathway were investigated in the genome sequenced strain CBS 2499. We show that cold stress caused intracellular accumulation of glycogen, but did not induce accumulation of trehalose and glycerol. The cellular fatty acid composition changed after the temperature downshift, and a significant increase of palmitoleic acid was observed. RT-PCR analysis revealed that OLE1 encoding for Δ9-fatty acid desaturase was up-regulated, whereas TPS1 and INO1 didn't show changes in their expression. In D. bruxellensis Hog1p was activated by phosphorylation, as described in S. cerevisiae, highlighting a conserved role of the HOG-MAP kinase signaling pathway in cold stress response.
|Titolo:||Cold exposure affects carbohydrates and lipid metabolism, and induces Hog1p phosphorylation in Dekkera bruxellensis strain CBS 2499|
|Parole Chiave:||Beer; Cold stress; D. bruxellensis; Ethanol production; Wine; Yeast|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/11 - Chimica e Biotecnologia delle Fermentazioni|
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s10482-015-0406-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|