Plants engineered with genes encoding for the antigenic proteins of various microorganisms have shown to correctly express the proteins that elicit the production of antibodies in mammalian hosts. In livestock, plant-based vaccines could represent an innovative strategy for oral vaccination, especially to prevent infection by enteric pathogens. The aim of this study was to evaluate tobacco plants as a seedspecific expression system for the production of the flgK flagellar hook-associated protein from a wild type Salmonella typhimurium strain, as a model of an edible vaccine. The flgK gene is the principal component of bacterial flagella and is recognised as virulence factor by the innate immune system. It was isolated from the Salmonella typhimurium strain by PCR. The encoding sequence of flgK was transferred into a pBI binary vector, under control of soybean basic 7S globulin promoter for the seed-specific. Plant transformation was carried out using recombinant EHA 105 Agrobacterium tumefaciens. A transgenic population was obtained made up of independently kanamycin-resistant transgenic plants, which had a similar morphological appearance to the wild-type plants. Molecular analyses of seeds confirmed the integration of the gene and the average expression level of flgK was estimated to be about 0.6 mg per gram of seeds, corresponding to 0.33% of the total amount of soluble protein in tobacco seeds. This study showed that the foreign flgK gene could be stably incorporated into the tobacco plant genome by transcription through the nuclear apparatus of the plant, and that these genes are inherited by the next generation.
Plant bioreactors for the antigenic hook-associated flgK protein expression / L. Rossi, L. Pinotti, A. Agazzi, V. Dell'Orto, A. Baldi. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1594-4077. - 13:1(2014), pp. 2939.23-2939.29.
|Titolo:||Plant bioreactors for the antigenic hook-associated flgK protein expression|
ROSSI, LUCIANA (Corresponding)
PINOTTI, LUCIANO (Secondo)
DELL'ORTO, VITTORIO (Penultimo)
BALDI, ANTONELLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Pig; Edible vaccine; Salmonella typhimurium; Plant expression; Antigens|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2014.2939|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|