This study investigated B. cereus presence in 122 samples belonging to 34 typologies of fresh or short-ripened cheeses made from cow, sheep, goat, or buffalo pasteurized milk, and sold on the Italian market. B. cereus was isolated at a prevalence of 9.8%, with a marked variability among cheese categories, and at low counts (always below 2.26 Log CFU/g). Twelve isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF analysis and typified by RAPD PCR as belonging to different B. cereus strains. All the strains were tested for the production of hemolysin BL, phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C, proteases, and biofilm formation, and for the presence of chromosomal toxin-encoding genes (sph, plcA, cytK, entFM, bcet, nheA, nheB, nheC). Overall, 92% of strains harbored bcet, 75% the three genes nheA, nheB, and nheC, as well as plcA and sph, 67% entFM, and 33% cytK. All strains showed biofilm-forming ability. A chemical-physical characterization of the cheeses was also performed to show their suitability as substrates for B. cereus growth, showing high heterogeneity in terms of pH, aw, salt content, and concentration of organic acids. Finally, the ability to support spore germination and vegetative cell growth of a selected cheese was investigated in spores-inoculated samples maintained at 10 ◦C and 15 ◦C, showing the inhibitory effect of low storage temperatures.

Prevalence, Virulence Potential, and Growth in Cheese of Bacillus cereus Strains Isolated from Fresh and Short-Ripened Cheeses Sold on the Italian Market / E. Tirloni, C. Bernardi, F. Celandroni, D. Mazzantini, M. Massimino, S. Stella, E. Ghelardi. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 11:(2023), pp. 521.1-521.16. [10.3390/ microorganisms11020521]

Prevalence, Virulence Potential, and Growth in Cheese of Bacillus cereus Strains Isolated from Fresh and Short-Ripened Cheeses Sold on the Italian Market

E. Tirloni
Primo
;
C. Bernardi
Secondo
;
S. Stella
Penultimo
;
2023

Abstract

This study investigated B. cereus presence in 122 samples belonging to 34 typologies of fresh or short-ripened cheeses made from cow, sheep, goat, or buffalo pasteurized milk, and sold on the Italian market. B. cereus was isolated at a prevalence of 9.8%, with a marked variability among cheese categories, and at low counts (always below 2.26 Log CFU/g). Twelve isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF analysis and typified by RAPD PCR as belonging to different B. cereus strains. All the strains were tested for the production of hemolysin BL, phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C, proteases, and biofilm formation, and for the presence of chromosomal toxin-encoding genes (sph, plcA, cytK, entFM, bcet, nheA, nheB, nheC). Overall, 92% of strains harbored bcet, 75% the three genes nheA, nheB, and nheC, as well as plcA and sph, 67% entFM, and 33% cytK. All strains showed biofilm-forming ability. A chemical-physical characterization of the cheeses was also performed to show their suitability as substrates for B. cereus growth, showing high heterogeneity in terms of pH, aw, salt content, and concentration of organic acids. Finally, the ability to support spore germination and vegetative cell growth of a selected cheese was investigated in spores-inoculated samples maintained at 10 ◦C and 15 ◦C, showing the inhibitory effect of low storage temperatures.
Bacillus cereus; cheese substrate; prevalence; pathogenic potential; growth in cheese; toxins; biofilm
Settore VET/04 - Ispezione degli Alimenti di Origine Animale
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/955192
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