Swine farming is widely developed in Italy, especially due to the importance of this species in Italian typical food industry. Although the most common bred pigs are the commercial hybrids, it is still possible to find some native breeds, especially where the local tradition is deeply felt [1]. Recently, the genetic program of the Nero di Lomellina, an autochthonous swine from the area of Pavia, has been recognised by the Italian Association of Pig Breeders. These animals have rustic traits and their meat is suitable for being processed into fine cured products. The following study aimed to analyse the structure of the muscle tissue of Nero di Lomellina breed, with a focus on the Longissimus Dorsi and the Semimembranosus muscles of newborn piglets. The research was carried out on five Nero di Lomellina that died during parturition and the data were compared with those of five commercial hybrids, dead under the same conditions. All animals were weighed and their sex reported. Samples of each muscle were partly paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin embedded and partly frozen. Haematoxylin-Eosin and Succinate Dehydrogenase stainings (SDH) were carried out to identify the morphology and the oxidative capacity (positive staining for red fibres and negative for white fibres) of the muscle fibres respectively [2][3]. Histometric analyses were also performed: the area, the perimeter and the number of fibres in the two muscles of both breeds as well as the positive-SDH fibres were evaluated and data statistically analysed [2][3]. Interestingly, the statistical analysis revealed different trends between the two muscles, though non-significant, except for the number of fibres in the Longissimus dorsi, which is significantly lower in Nero di Lomellina piglets (P<0.05). This could be an effect of the genetic selection that has been promoted in the past decades. Moreover, already at birth, the SDH-staining highlighted the presence of both red and white fibres, but quantitatively the preliminary results did not show significant differences between the two breeds. These preliminary data in newborns may suggest possible differences in the structure of adult muscles. Further studies investigating adult samples may lead to a different muscular structure between the adults of the two breeds, which may be translated into meat products with different characteristics [4]. The Ethic Committee of the University of Milan approved the project (OPBA, 89/2021). Funding: Progetto Regione Lombardia FEASR – Programma di Sviluppo Rurale 2014-2020 OPERAZIONE 10.2.01 – grant number 201901553851

Characterization of longissimus dorsi and semimembranosus muscle fibres in nero di Lomellina and commercial hybrid newborn piglets: Preliminary data / M. Pallaoro, S.C.B. Modina, M. DI GIANCAMILLO, F. DE LUCA, C. Rinaldi, A. Lucia, S.M. Mazzola, A. Costa, E. Buoio, R. Rossi, A. DI GIANCAMILLO - In: Convegno SISVET[s.l] : SISVET, 2022. - ISBN 978-88-909092-3-8. - pp. 1-1 (( Intervento presentato al 75. convegno Atti : 15 - 18 giugno tenutosi a Lodi nel 2022.

Characterization of longissimus dorsi and semimembranosus muscle fibres in nero di Lomellina and commercial hybrid newborn piglets: Preliminary data

M. Pallaoro
Primo
;
S.C.B. Modina
Secondo
;
M. DI GIANCAMILLO;F. DE LUCA;C. Rinaldi;A. Lucia;S.M. Mazzola;A. Costa;E. Buoio;R. Rossi
Penultimo
;
A. DI GIANCAMILLO
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Swine farming is widely developed in Italy, especially due to the importance of this species in Italian typical food industry. Although the most common bred pigs are the commercial hybrids, it is still possible to find some native breeds, especially where the local tradition is deeply felt [1]. Recently, the genetic program of the Nero di Lomellina, an autochthonous swine from the area of Pavia, has been recognised by the Italian Association of Pig Breeders. These animals have rustic traits and their meat is suitable for being processed into fine cured products. The following study aimed to analyse the structure of the muscle tissue of Nero di Lomellina breed, with a focus on the Longissimus Dorsi and the Semimembranosus muscles of newborn piglets. The research was carried out on five Nero di Lomellina that died during parturition and the data were compared with those of five commercial hybrids, dead under the same conditions. All animals were weighed and their sex reported. Samples of each muscle were partly paraformaldehyde-fixed and paraffin embedded and partly frozen. Haematoxylin-Eosin and Succinate Dehydrogenase stainings (SDH) were carried out to identify the morphology and the oxidative capacity (positive staining for red fibres and negative for white fibres) of the muscle fibres respectively [2][3]. Histometric analyses were also performed: the area, the perimeter and the number of fibres in the two muscles of both breeds as well as the positive-SDH fibres were evaluated and data statistically analysed [2][3]. Interestingly, the statistical analysis revealed different trends between the two muscles, though non-significant, except for the number of fibres in the Longissimus dorsi, which is significantly lower in Nero di Lomellina piglets (P<0.05). This could be an effect of the genetic selection that has been promoted in the past decades. Moreover, already at birth, the SDH-staining highlighted the presence of both red and white fibres, but quantitatively the preliminary results did not show significant differences between the two breeds. These preliminary data in newborns may suggest possible differences in the structure of adult muscles. Further studies investigating adult samples may lead to a different muscular structure between the adults of the two breeds, which may be translated into meat products with different characteristics [4]. The Ethic Committee of the University of Milan approved the project (OPBA, 89/2021). Funding: Progetto Regione Lombardia FEASR – Programma di Sviluppo Rurale 2014-2020 OPERAZIONE 10.2.01 – grant number 201901553851
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
Settore VET/09 - Clinica Chirurgica Veterinaria
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
Settore AGR/09 - Meccanica Agraria
Società italiana delle scienze veterinarie (SISVet)
https://www.sisvet.it/archivio-congressi/
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946228
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