Two Zymomonas mobilis wild strains (UMB478 and 479) isolated from water kefir were characterized for their biomass production levels and leavening performance when used as the inoculum of a real bread-like dough formulation. The obtained baked product would be consumable by people with adverse responses to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In liquid cultures, the two strains reached similar biomass concentration (0.7 g CDW/L). UMB479 showed an interesting resistance to NaCl (MBC 30 g/L), that may be useful in the bakery sector. When inoculated in doughs, UMB479 produced the maximum dough volume (650 mL) after 5 h, glucose was almost consumed and 1 g/100 g of ethanol produced, +200% respective to UMB478. Using S. cerevisiae for comparison purposes, the dough doubled its volume fast, in only 2 h, but reached a final level of 575 mL, lower than that achieved by Z. mobilis. The analysis of bacterial and fungal population dynamics during dough leavening was performed through the Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (ARISA); doughs leavened by UMB479 showed an interesting decrease in fungal richness after leavening. S. cerevisiae, instead, created a more complex fungal community, similar before and after leavening. Results will pave the way for the use of Z. mobilis UMB479 in commercial yeast-free leavened products.

Characterization of two zymomonas mobilis wild strains and analysis of populations dynamics during their leavening of bread-like doughs / C. Picozzi, E. Clagnan, A. Musatti, M. Rollini, L. Brusetti. - In: FOODS. - ISSN 2304-8158. - 11:8(2022 Sep 08), pp. 2768.1-2768.15. [10.3390/foods11182768]

Characterization of two zymomonas mobilis wild strains and analysis of populations dynamics during their leavening of bread-like doughs

C. Picozzi
Primo
;
E. Clagnan
Secondo
;
A. Musatti;M. Rollini
Penultimo
;
2022-09-08

Abstract

Two Zymomonas mobilis wild strains (UMB478 and 479) isolated from water kefir were characterized for their biomass production levels and leavening performance when used as the inoculum of a real bread-like dough formulation. The obtained baked product would be consumable by people with adverse responses to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In liquid cultures, the two strains reached similar biomass concentration (0.7 g CDW/L). UMB479 showed an interesting resistance to NaCl (MBC 30 g/L), that may be useful in the bakery sector. When inoculated in doughs, UMB479 produced the maximum dough volume (650 mL) after 5 h, glucose was almost consumed and 1 g/100 g of ethanol produced, +200% respective to UMB478. Using S. cerevisiae for comparison purposes, the dough doubled its volume fast, in only 2 h, but reached a final level of 575 mL, lower than that achieved by Z. mobilis. The analysis of bacterial and fungal population dynamics during dough leavening was performed through the Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (ARISA); doughs leavened by UMB479 showed an interesting decrease in fungal richness after leavening. S. cerevisiae, instead, created a more complex fungal community, similar before and after leavening. Results will pave the way for the use of Z. mobilis UMB479 in commercial yeast-free leavened products.
Zymomonas mobilis; dough leavening; ARISA analysis; population dynamics; lag leavening time
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/937429
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