Dermatitis and psoriasis are inflammatory skin diseases in which keratinocytes and fibroblasts play a key role in the release of pro-inflammatory mediators (e.g. IL-8, MMP9, VEGF, and NF-κB). The flowered tops of Cannabis sativa L. (hemp) contain the highest concentration of cannabinoids including cannabidiol (CBD), the second major cannabinoid without psychotropic activity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential effect of a Cannabis sativa L. ethanolic extract (CSE), standardized in CBD, as anti-inflammatory agent in human keratinocytes and fibroblasts. CSE and CBD (99.5% HPLC purity) were prepared by LINNEA SA (Riazzino, Switzerland) and assayed in fibroblasts (HDF) and keratinocytes (HaCaT), stimulated by TNFα or UVB. CSE reduced TNFα-induced IL-8 secretion (HDF, IC50 15.13 µg/ml), VEGF (HaCaT, IC50 26.8 µg/ml) and MMP-9 (IC50 18.0 and 7.21, for HaCaT and HDF, respectively), while CBD showed low or no inhibitory effect, but reduced the NF-κB driven transcription. CSE (25 μg/mL) and CBD (4 μM) were tested on the expression of 84 genes involved in inflammation and wound healing. CSE decreased the mRNA levels of the TNFα-up-regulated genes, whereas CBD was not able to fully explain the activity of the extract. These results suggest that CSE inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory mediators in human fibroblasts and keratinocytes, acting on the NF-κB pathway. The down-regulation of genes involved in wound healing and skin inflammation, were not strictly associated to the presence of CBD, suggesting that other unknown compounds occurring in the extract my exert anti-inflammatory effects.
Cannabis sativa L. extract reduces inflammatory markers in human fibroblasts and keratinocytes / E. Sangiovanni, M. Fumagalli, B. Pacchetti, S. Piazza, A. Magnavacca, S. Khalilpour, G. Melzi, G. Martinelli, M. Dell'Agli. - In: PLANTA MEDICA. - ISSN 1439-0221. - 85:18(2019 Dec), pp. 1407-1407. ((Intervento presentato al 67. convegno International Congress and Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Medicinal-Plant-and-Natural-Product-Research (GA) : September, 1st- 5th tenutosi a Innsbruck nel 2019.
|Titolo:||Cannabis sativa L. extract reduces inflammatory markers in human fibroblasts and keratinocytes|
SANGIOVANNI, ENRICO (Primo)
FUMAGALLI, MARCO (Secondo)
MARTINELLI, GIULIA (Penultimo)
DELL'AGLI, MARIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3399683|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|