Brain cholesterol is produced mainly by astrocytes and is important for neuronal function. Its biosynthesis is severely reduced in mouse models of Huntington’s Disease (HD). One possible mechanism is a diminished nuclear translocation of the transcription factor sterol regulatory element binding protein 2 (SREBP2) and, consequently, reduced activation of SREBP-controlled genes in the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway. Here we evaluated the efficacy of a gene therapy based on the unilateral intra-striatal injection of a recombinant adeno-associated virus 2/5 (AAV2/5) targeting astrocytes specifically and carrying the N-terminal fragment of human SREBP2 (hSREBP2). Robust hSREBP2 expression in striatal glial cells in HD mice activated the transcription of cholesterol biosynthesis pathway genes, restored synaptic transmission, reversed Drd2 transcript levels decline, cleared muHTT aggregates and attenuated behavioral deficits. We conclude that glial SREBP2 participates in HD brain pathogenesis in vivo and that AAV-based delivery of SREBP2 to astrocytes counteracts key features of HD.
SREBP2 delivery to striatal astrocytes normalizes transcription of cholesterol biosynthesis genes and ameliorates pathological features in Huntington’s Disease / G. Birolini, G. Verlengia, F. Talpo, C. Maniezzi, L. Zentilin, M. Giacca, P. Conforti, C. Cordiglieri, C. Caccia, V. Leoni, F. Taroni, G. Biella, M. Simonato, E. Cattaneo, M. Valenza. - (2020 Nov).
|Titolo:||SREBP2 delivery to striatal astrocytes normalizes transcription of cholesterol biosynthesis genes and ameliorates pathological features in Huntington’s Disease|
VALENZA, MARTA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||cholesterol; astrocytes; Huntington’s disease; SREBP2|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020-11|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1101/2020.11.23.393793|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||24 - Pre-print|