The concept of wild food does not play a significant role in contemporary nutritional science and it is seldom regarded as a salient feature within standard dietary guidelines. The knowledge systems of wild edible taxa are indeed at risk of disappearing. However, recent scholarship in ethnobotany, field biology, and philosophy demonstrated the crucial role of wild foods for food biodiversity and food security. The knowledge of how to use and consume wild foods is not only a means to deliver high-end culinary offerings, but also a way to foster alternative models of consumption. Our aim in this paper is to provide a conceptual framework for wild foods, which can account for diversified wild food ontologies. In the first section of the paper, we survey the main conception of wild foods provided in the literature, what we call the Nature View. We argue that this view falls short of capturing characteristics that are core to a sound account of wilderness in a culinary sense. In the second part of the paper, we provide the foundation for an improved model of wild food, which can countenance multiple dimensions and degrees connoting wilderness in the culinary world. In the third part of the paper we argue that thanks to a more nuanced ontological analysis, the gradient framework can serve ethnobiologists, philosophers, scientists, and policymakers to represent and negotiate theoretical conflicts on the nature of wild food.
A gradient framework for wild foods / A. Borghini, N. Piras, B. Serini. - In: STUDIES IN HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGICAL AND BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1369-8486. - 84(2020 Dec).
|Titolo:||A gradient framework for wild foods|
BORGHINI, ANDREA (Co-primo) (Corresponding)
PIRAS, NICOLA (Co-primo)
SERINI, BEATRICE MARIA (Co-primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-FIL/05 - Filosofia e Teoria dei Linguaggi|
Settore M-FIL/01 - Filosofia Teoretica
Settore M-FIL/02 - Logica e Filosofia della Scienza
|Progetto:||Dipartimenti di Eccellenza 2018-2022 - Dipartimento di FILOSOFIA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2020.101293|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|