MicroRNAs are small post-transcriptional regulators that modulate gene expression by directly interacting with their target transcripts. Since the interaction between miRNAs and target mRNAs does not require a perfect match, one single miRNA can influence the expression of several genes and lead to a very broad array of functional consequences. Recently, we identified miR-125a-3p as a new regulator of oligodendrocyte development, showing that its over-expression is associated to impaired oligodendrocyte maturation. However, whether and how miR-125a-3p over-expression is causally related to oligodendrocyte maturation is still obscure, as well as the pathways responsible for this effect. To shed light on this issue and to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms, we determined the transcriptomic profile of miR-125a-3p over-expressing oligodendrocytes and, by means of two complementary bioinformatic approaches, we have identified pathways and biological processes consistently modulated by miR-125a-3p alteration. This analysis showed that miR-125a-3p is involved in the regulation of cell–cell interactions and Wnt signaling. By means of pathway-focused PCR arrays, we confirmed that miR-125a-3p induces changes in the expression of several genes encoding for adhesion molecules and gap junctions, which play key roles in oligodendrocytes after exposure to pathological demyelinating stimuli. Moreover, the expression changes of different Wnt targets suggest an over-activation of this pathway. Globally, our studies show that miR-125a-3p over-expression can alter signaling pathways and biological processes essential for myelin formation in oligodendrocytes, suggesting that alteration of miR-125a-3p levels may contribute to impairing oligodendrocyte maturation in demyelinating diseases.
Pathway-Focused Profiling of Oligodendrocytes Over-Expressing miR-125a-3p Reveals Alteration of Wnt and Cell-to-Cell Signaling / D. Marangon, M.P. Abbracchio, D. Lecca. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0272-4340. - (2020). [Epub ahead of print]
|Titolo:||Pathway-Focused Profiling of Oligodendrocytes Over-Expressing miR-125a-3p Reveals Alteration of Wnt and Cell-to-Cell Signaling|
MARANGON, DAVIDE (Primo)
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Secondo)
LECCA, DAVIDE (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Gene ontology; miRNA; Oligodendrocyte; Pathway analysis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Progetto:||Strategie rimielinizzanti innovative per la sclerosi multipla: focus su GPR17, nuovo recettore coinvolto nel differenziamento oligodendrocitario|
PIANO DI SOSTEGNO ALLA RICERCA 2015-2017 - LINEA 2 "DOTAZIONE ANNUALE PER ATTIVITA' ISTITUZIONALE"
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||1-apr-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10571-020-00836-z|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|