The probiotic market is increasing world-wide as well as the number of products marketed as probiotics. Among the latter, many products contain Streptococcus thermophilus strains at several dosages. However, the scientific evidence that should support the probiotic status of those S. thermophilus strains is often contradictory. This review analyses the scientific literature aimed to assess the ability of S. thermophilus strains to survive the human gastrointestinal tract by discussing the scientific validity of the methods applied for the bacterial recovery and identification from stool samples. This review highlights that in most of the intervention studies reviewed, the identification of S. thermophilus strains from stools was not carried out with the necessary taxonomic accuracy to avoid their misidentification with Streptococcus salivarius, a common human commensal and a species phylogenetically close to S. thermophilus. Moreover, this review highlights how critical the accurate taxonomic identification of S. thermophilus in metagenomics-based studies can be.
Streptococcus thermophilus : to survive, or not to survive the gastrointestinal tract, that is the question! / A. Martinovic, R. Cocuzzi, S. Arioli, D. Mora. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 12:8(2020 Jul), pp. 2175.1-2175.13.
|Titolo:||Streptococcus thermophilus : to survive, or not to survive the gastrointestinal tract, that is the question!|
MARTINOVIC, ANDELA [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
COCUZZI, RICCARDO [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
ARIOLI, STEFANIA [Writing – Review & Editing]
MORA, DIEGO [Conceptualization] (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Microbiota; Probiotics; Recovery in fecal samples; S. salivarius; Taxonomy|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu12082175|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|