Simple Summary Weaning is a very stressful period in the piglet's life in intensive farming: it is a sudden process occurring between three to four weeks of age, when the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is still immature. The GIT is formed by the epithelial, immune and enteric nervous system which controls epithelial barrier integrity as well as gut functions including the transport of luminal nutrients, water and electrolytes. Early weaning is characterized by a breakdown of these gut functions, an increase in intestinal permeability and the appearance of gastrointestinal functional disorders, which can have long-lasting consequences in the pig's life. Weaning, therefore, requires the correct level of nutrients, high quality ingredients, and management, which are directed primarily at encouraging rapid feed intake whilst reducing mortality and morbidity. This review describes the organization of the GIT and highlights the interactions between feed components and the morphology and physiology of the epithelial barrier. Novel dietary strategies focused on improving gut health are also discussed, considering the impacts of selected feed ingredients or additives on the GIT such as functional amino acids, phytochemicals and organic acids. Abstract Weaning is very stressful for piglets and leads to alterations in the intestinal barrier, a reduction in nutrient absorption and a higher susceptibility to intestinal diseases with heavy economic losses. This review describes the structures involved in the intestinal barrier: the epithelial barrier, immune barrier and the enteric nervous system. Here, new insights into the interactions between feed components and the physiology and morphology of the epithelial barrier are highlighted. Dietary strategies focused on improving gut health are also described including amino acids, phytochemicals and organic acids.
Nutritional Regulation of Gut Barrier Integrity in Weaning Piglets / S.C. Modina, U. Polito, R. Rossi, C. Corino, A. Di Giancamillo. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 9:12(2019 Dec).
|Titolo:||Nutritional Regulation of Gut Barrier Integrity in Weaning Piglets|
MODINA, SILVIA CLOTILDE (Primo)
POLITO, UMBERTO (Secondo)
CORINO, CARLO (Penultimo)
DI GIANCAMILLO, ALESSIA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||amino acids; gastrointestinal tract (GIT), intestine; morphology and physiology; organic acids; phytochemicals; pig; weaning|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||29-nov-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani9121045|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|