In geophysics, inverse modelling can be applied to a wide range of goals, including, for instance, mapping the distribution of rock physical parameters in applied geophysics and calibrating models to forecast the behaviour of natural systems in hydrology, meteorology and climatology. A common, thorough conceptual framework to define inverse problems and to discuss their basic properties in a complete way is still lacking. The main goal of this paper is to propose a step forward toward such a framework, focussing on the discrete inverse problems, that are used in practical applications. The relevance of information and measurements (real world data) for the definition of the calibration target and of the objective function is discussed, in particular with reference to the Bayesian approach. Identifiability of model parameters, posedness (uniqueness and stability) and conditioning of the inverse problems are formally defined. The proposed framework is so general as to permit rigorous definitions and treatment of sensitivity analysis, adjoint-state approach, multi-objective optimization.
|Titolo:||A conceptual framework for discrete inverse problems in geophysics|
GIUDICI, MAURO (Primo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Geophysics; Inverse problems; Mathematical modelling; Model calibration; Subsurface imaging|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/12 - Oceanografia e Fisica dell'Atmosfera|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019-01-23|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||24 - Pre-print|