A stepwise micro-DSC study of Small, Large and Giant Unilamellar Vesicles prepared as pure and mixed systems of DMPC, DPPC, DSPC and DOPC was performed, achieving the preparation of final model membranes whose phospholipid compositions represent the 75% in terms of the phospholipids tails and the 50% headgroups of the Insulin Secretory Granules (vesicles located in the pancreatic Langerhans β-cells and which are responsible for insulin and amylin storage and secretion in response to nutrient intake). Moreover, the effect of Free Fatty Acids, whose levels are recurrently altered in diabetic and/or obese subjects, on the thermodynamic stability of the final membranes was eventually investigated. The results allowed to discriminate each single thermodynamic contribution among the main factors that dictate the overall thermodynamic stability of these complex unilamellar systems evidencing mainly entropic effects hierarchically summarized as phospholipid unsaturations > phospholipid tail length > membrane curvature. The effect of the Free Fatty Acids highlighted a strong stabilizing effect on the membranes as well as more pronounced phase segregations in the case of saturated acids (palmitic and stearic), whereas the opposite effect was observed in the case of an unsaturated one (oleic).

Dissecting the effects of free fatty acids on the thermodynamic stability of complex model membranes mimicking insulin secretory granules / F. Saitta, M. Signorelli, D. Fessas. - In: COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES. - ISSN 0927-7765. - 176(2019 Apr 01), pp. 167-175. [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.12.066]

Dissecting the effects of free fatty acids on the thermodynamic stability of complex model membranes mimicking insulin secretory granules

F. Saitta
Primo
;
M. Signorelli
Secondo
;
D. Fessas
Ultimo
2019-04-01

Abstract

A stepwise micro-DSC study of Small, Large and Giant Unilamellar Vesicles prepared as pure and mixed systems of DMPC, DPPC, DSPC and DOPC was performed, achieving the preparation of final model membranes whose phospholipid compositions represent the 75% in terms of the phospholipids tails and the 50% headgroups of the Insulin Secretory Granules (vesicles located in the pancreatic Langerhans β-cells and which are responsible for insulin and amylin storage and secretion in response to nutrient intake). Moreover, the effect of Free Fatty Acids, whose levels are recurrently altered in diabetic and/or obese subjects, on the thermodynamic stability of the final membranes was eventually investigated. The results allowed to discriminate each single thermodynamic contribution among the main factors that dictate the overall thermodynamic stability of these complex unilamellar systems evidencing mainly entropic effects hierarchically summarized as phospholipid unsaturations > phospholipid tail length > membrane curvature. The effect of the Free Fatty Acids highlighted a strong stabilizing effect on the membranes as well as more pronounced phase segregations in the case of saturated acids (palmitic and stearic), whereas the opposite effect was observed in the case of an unsaturated one (oleic).
Differential scanning calorimetry; Free fatty acids; Insulin secretory granules; Model membranes; Biotechnology; Surfaces and Interfaces; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/617416
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