This work describes the development of a modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for the selective determination of 2,4-diaminotoluene (TDA), a primary aromatic amines (PAAs) that can be formed in food packaging materials including aromatic polyurethane (PU) adhesives. The electrode's surface was modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), MWCNTs in chitosan (CS), and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The highest current response was achieved with AuNPs/MWCNTs-CS/GC electrodes, which exhibited an oxidation peak of 9.87 μA by cyclic voltammetry (CV), compared with 1.39 μA of the bare GCE. A detection limit of 35 nM was estimated by amperometry experiments. The oxidation of TDA was strongly dependent on the pH of the medium, having maximum sensitivity at pH ∼ 7. From a mechanistic point of view, the diffusion coefficient of TDA (D = 6.47 × 10−4 cm2 s−1) and the number of electrons (n ≈ 2) involved in the catalytic oxidation of TDA at the surface of the AuNPs/MWCNTs-CS/GCE were determined. The practical utility of this nanocomposite modified electrode was demonstrated by migration studies from conventional food packaging materials.

Determination of 2,4-diaminotoluene by a bionanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode / M. Ghaani, C. Rovera, F. Pucillo, M.R. Ghaani, R.T. Olsson, M. Scampicchio, S. Farris. - In: SENSORS AND ACTUATORS. B, CHEMICAL. - ISSN 0925-4005. - 277(2018), pp. 477-483. [10.1016/j.snb.2018.09.053]

Determination of 2,4-diaminotoluene by a bionanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode

M. Ghaani;C. Rovera;S. Farris
2018

Abstract

This work describes the development of a modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for the selective determination of 2,4-diaminotoluene (TDA), a primary aromatic amines (PAAs) that can be formed in food packaging materials including aromatic polyurethane (PU) adhesives. The electrode's surface was modified with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), MWCNTs in chitosan (CS), and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The highest current response was achieved with AuNPs/MWCNTs-CS/GC electrodes, which exhibited an oxidation peak of 9.87 μA by cyclic voltammetry (CV), compared with 1.39 μA of the bare GCE. A detection limit of 35 nM was estimated by amperometry experiments. The oxidation of TDA was strongly dependent on the pH of the medium, having maximum sensitivity at pH ∼ 7. From a mechanistic point of view, the diffusion coefficient of TDA (D = 6.47 × 10−4 cm2 s−1) and the number of electrons (n ≈ 2) involved in the catalytic oxidation of TDA at the surface of the AuNPs/MWCNTs-CS/GCE were determined. The practical utility of this nanocomposite modified electrode was demonstrated by migration studies from conventional food packaging materials.
chitosan; electrochemical nanosensor electrode; primary aromatic amine; 2,4-Diaminotoluene (TDA); multi-walled carbon nanotube; gold nanoparticle
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/588569
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