Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal-recessive childhood motor neuron disease and the main genetic cause of infant mortality. SMA is caused by deletions or mutations in the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene, which results in SMN protein deficiency. Only one approved drug has recently become available and allows for the correction of aberrant splicing of the paralogous SMN2 gene by antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), leading to production of full-length SMN protein. We have already demonstrated that a sequence of an ASO variant, Morpholino (MO), is particularly suitable because of its safety and efficacy profile and is both able to increase SMN levels and rescue the murine SMA phenotype. Here, we optimized this strategy by testing the efficacy of four new MO sequences targeting SMN2. Two out of the four new MO sequences showed better efficacy in terms of SMN protein production both in SMA induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and SMAÎ7 mice. Further, the effect was enhanced when different MO sequences were administered in combination. Our data provide an important insight for MO-based treatment for SMA. Optimization of the target sequence and validation of a treatment based on a combination of different MO sequences could support further pre-clinical studies and the progression toward future clinical trials.
Investigation of new morpholino oligomers to increase survival motor neuron protein levels in spinal muscular atrophy / A. Ramirez, S.G. Crisafulli, M. Rizzuti, N. Bresolin, G.P. Comi, S. Corti, M. Nizzardo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 19:1(2018), pp. 167.1-167.10.
|Titolo:||Investigation of new morpholino oligomers to increase survival motor neuron protein levels in spinal muscular atrophy|
RAMIREZ, AGNESE [Investigation]
CRISAFULLI, SEBASTIANO GIUSEPPE [Investigation]
RIZZUTI, MAFALDA [Investigation]
BRESOLIN, NEREO [Supervision]
COMI, GIACOMO PIETRO [Supervision]
CORTI, STEFANIA PAOLA [Writing – Original Draft Preparation]
NIZZARDO, MONICA [Conceptualization] (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Morpholino; Spinal muscular atrophy; Therapy; Catalysis; Molecular Biology; Spectroscopy; Computer Science Applications1707 Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Organic Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms19010167|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|