We previously showed that the human heart expresses all known P2X and P2Y receptors activated by extracellular adenine or uracil nucleotides. Despite evidence that, both in humans and rodents, plasma levels of ATP and UTP markedly increase during myocardial infarction, the differential effects mediated by the various adenine- and uracil-preferring myocardial P2 receptors are still largely unknown. Here, we studied the effects of adenine and uracil nucleotides on murine HL-1 cardiomyocytes. RT-PCR analysis showed that HL-1 cardiomyocytes express all known P2X receptors (except for P2X2), as well as the P2Y2,4,6,14 subtypes. Exposure of cardiomyocytes to adenine nucleotides (ATP, ADP or BzATP) induced apoptosis and necrosis, as determined by flow-cytometry. Cell death was exacerbated by tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, a cytokine implicated in chronic heart failure progression. Conversely, uracil nucleotides (UTP, UDP and UDPglucose) had no effect 'per se', but fully counteracted the deleterious effects induced by adenine nucleotides and TNF- alpha, even if added to cardiomyocytes after beginning exposure to these cell death-inducing agents. Thus, exposure of cardiomyocytes to elevated concentrations of ATP or ADP in the presence of TNF- alpha contributes to cell death, an effect which is counteracted by uracil-preferring P2 receptors. Cardiomyocytes do not need to be 'primed' by uracil nucleotides to become insensitive to adenine nucleotides-induced death, suggesting the existence of a possible 'therapeutic' window for uracil nucleotides-mediated protection. Thus, release of UTP during cardiac ischaemia and in chronic heart failure may protect against myocardial damage, setting the basis for developing novel cardioprotective agents that specifically target uracil-preferring P2Y receptors.
Opposite effects of uracil and adenine nucleotides on the survival of murine cardiomyocytes / A. Mazzola, E. Amoruso, E. Beltrami, D. Lecca, S. Ferrario, S. Cosentino, E. Tremoli, S. Ceruti, M.P. Abbracchio. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1582-1838. - 12:2(2008 Apr), pp. 522-536.
|Titolo:||Opposite effects of uracil and adenine nucleotides on the survival of murine cardiomyocytes|
MAZZOLA, ALESSIA (Primo)
AMORUSO, EMANUELA (Secondo)
CERUTI, STEFANIA MARIA (Penultimo)
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Apoptosis; Cytokines; Heart failure; P2Y receptors; Signal transduction|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1582-4934.2007.00133.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|