Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are recognized as one of the most dangerous food-borne pathogens. The production of Shiga toxins together with intimin protein are among the main virulence factors. However, the ability to form biofilm can protect bacteria against environmental factors (i.e. desiccation, exposure to UV rays, predation, etc) and sanitization procedures (cleaning, rinsing, chlorination), increasing their survival on food products and in manufacturing plants. Forty-five isolates collected from food and fecal samples were genotyped by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis with XbaI restriction enzyme and investigated by searching for toxins (stx1, stx2) and intimin (eae) genes and serogroup (O157, O26, O145, O111, O103 and O104). Afterward, the ability to develop biofilm in microtiter assay and the production of adhesive curli fimbriae and cellulose on agar plates were tested. Our study demonstrated that biofilm formation has a great variability among STEC strains and cannot be related to a specific pulsotype nor even to serogroup or presence of virulence genes.
Genotypic Characterization and Biofilm Formation of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli / C. Picozzi, D. Antoniani, I. Vigentini, R. Foschino. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY LETTERS. - ISSN 1574-6968. - 364:2(2017), pp. fnw291.1-fnw291.7.
|Titolo:||Genotypic Characterization and Biofilm Formation of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli|
PICOZZI, CLAUDIA (Primo) (Corresponding)
ANTONIANI, DAVIDE (Secondo)
VIGENTINI, ILEANA (Penultimo)
FOSCHINO, ROBERTO CARMINE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli; virulence factors; pulsed field gel electrophoresis; biofilm formation; fecal isolates; goat milk|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fnw291|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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