The aim of this study was to assess the effect of total tocopherols and tocotrienols of refined vegetable oils on oil radical scavenging activity and to investigate the stability of the various homologues during the deep-fat frying of French fries. Eight different refined vegetable oils were investigated, having variable levels of natural tocopherols and tocotrienols. A direct correlation between the radical scavenging capacity of the oils, measured by the DPPH test, and the total content of natural tocopherols and tocotrienols was found. Frying experiments showed that the stability of the different tocopherols and tocotrienols present in the refined vegetable oils basically depend on two factors: the fatty acid composition of the oil, in particular polyunsaturated fatty acid content, and the kind of tocopherol and tocotrienol homologues present. The more oxidizable the oil, on the basis of fatty acid composition, the more stable were the tocopherolic antioxidants. Amongst the different homologues, g-tocotrienol in palm super olein proved to be the less stable during the deep-fat frying, thus preserving the other homologues.
|Titolo:||Tocopherols and tocotrienol as free radical-scavengers in refined vegetable oils and their stability during deep-fat frying|
|Parole Chiave:||Antioxidants; Deep-fat frying; DPPH; Radical-scavenging activity; Refined oils; Tocopherols; Tocotrienols|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.06.016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|