Carotid and vertebral artery dissection are relatively frequent and risky conditions. In the last decade, different patients with extracranial (and in 1 case also intracranial) dissections associated with the practice of scuba diving were reported. The connection between the two conditions has not been fully explained so far. In the present article, we report the case of a patient presenting with Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome and homolateral XII cranial nerve palsy, manifesting a few days after diving in the cold water of a lake. The patient ended up having internal carotid artery dissection associated with the formation of a pseudoaneurysm. Here, we offer a summary of all cases reported in the literature about scuba diving and arterial dissection, and provide a critical discussion about which scuba diving-related factors can trigger the dissection of cervical vessels.

Growing evidence about the relationship between vessel dissection and Scuba diving / S. Brajkovic, G. Riboldi, A. Govoni, S. Corti, N. Bresolin, G.P. Comi. - In: CASE REPORTS IN NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1662-680X. - 5:3(2013), pp. 155-161. [10.1159/000354979]

Growing evidence about the relationship between vessel dissection and Scuba diving

S. Brajkovic;G. Riboldi
Secondo
;
A. Govoni;S. Corti;N. Bresolin
Penultimo
;
G.P. Comi
Ultimo
2013

Abstract

Carotid and vertebral artery dissection are relatively frequent and risky conditions. In the last decade, different patients with extracranial (and in 1 case also intracranial) dissections associated with the practice of scuba diving were reported. The connection between the two conditions has not been fully explained so far. In the present article, we report the case of a patient presenting with Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome and homolateral XII cranial nerve palsy, manifesting a few days after diving in the cold water of a lake. The patient ended up having internal carotid artery dissection associated with the formation of a pseudoaneurysm. Here, we offer a summary of all cases reported in the literature about scuba diving and arterial dissection, and provide a critical discussion about which scuba diving-related factors can trigger the dissection of cervical vessels.
Claude Bernard-Horner syndrome; internal carotid dissection; Scuba diving; XII cranial nerve
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/228637
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