The effect of milk acidification at the different pH levels applied during processing of various types of milk protein powders was first evaluated in experimental samples of caseins, caseinates and milk protein concentrates. The absence of inorganic colloidal phosphorus was detected when milk was acidified to pH 4.60, whereas low levels (0.36 – 0.72 g/100 g of protein) were detected when mild milk acidification occurred. The extent of protein glycation and the occurrence of protein cross-linking were assessed in the same samples by measuring their furosine (5.7 – 427 mg/100 g of protein) and lysinoalanine (0.4 – 35.2 mg/100 g of protein) levels, respectively. In addition to heat treatments, the contents of these markers strictly depend on the presence of lactose and consequently on the effectiveness of the washing step applied during processing before drying to remove non-protein soluble components. The determination of these chemical markers in the samples permitted the identification of different technological conditions applied in the manufacturing of commercial milk protein powders with the same class.

Chemical modifications of casein occurring during industrial manufacturing of milk protein powders / S. Cattaneo, F. Masotti., L. Pellegrino. - In: EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1438-2377. - 235:2(2012), pp. 315-323.

Chemical modifications of casein occurring during industrial manufacturing of milk protein powders

S. Cattaneo
Primo
;
F. Masotti.
Secondo
;
L. Pellegrino
Ultimo
2012

Abstract

The effect of milk acidification at the different pH levels applied during processing of various types of milk protein powders was first evaluated in experimental samples of caseins, caseinates and milk protein concentrates. The absence of inorganic colloidal phosphorus was detected when milk was acidified to pH 4.60, whereas low levels (0.36 – 0.72 g/100 g of protein) were detected when mild milk acidification occurred. The extent of protein glycation and the occurrence of protein cross-linking were assessed in the same samples by measuring their furosine (5.7 – 427 mg/100 g of protein) and lysinoalanine (0.4 – 35.2 mg/100 g of protein) levels, respectively. In addition to heat treatments, the contents of these markers strictly depend on the presence of lactose and consequently on the effectiveness of the washing step applied during processing before drying to remove non-protein soluble components. The determination of these chemical markers in the samples permitted the identification of different technological conditions applied in the manufacturing of commercial milk protein powders with the same class.
Caseins; Caseinates; Milk protein concentrates; Inorganic colloidal phosphorus; Furosine; Lysinoalanine
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/202655
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