Selenium (Se) is vital for animals and humans, as it is an essential component of Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx), an enzyme that reduces peroxides and protects cells against the damaging effects of oxidation. Se has, however, been found in rat plasma even when the enzymatic activity of GPx is very low, supporting the hypothesis that Se is also bound to other proteic structures. The purpose of this work was partially to purify the selenium-containing proteins in plasma, without denaturation, by isoelectrofocusing. We observed two pH intervals in the plasma where Se-containing proteins concentrated upon focusing: the first, at pH 6.0 ± 0.2 and with GPx activity, and the second, between pH 4.6 and 5.4, with no enzymatic activity. We can infer therefore that other Se-containing proteins are present at a lower pH than 6, and in particular between 4.6 and 5.4.

Dietary Selenium Intake and Selenoproteins in Rat Plasma / S. Ciappellano, D. Erba, G. Bermano, P. Simonetti, G. Testolin. - In: ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM. - ISSN 0250-6807. - 40:5(1996), pp. 296-302.

Dietary Selenium Intake and Selenoproteins in Rat Plasma

S. Ciappellano;D. Erba;P. Simonetti;G. Testolin
1996

Abstract

Selenium (Se) is vital for animals and humans, as it is an essential component of Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx), an enzyme that reduces peroxides and protects cells against the damaging effects of oxidation. Se has, however, been found in rat plasma even when the enzymatic activity of GPx is very low, supporting the hypothesis that Se is also bound to other proteic structures. The purpose of this work was partially to purify the selenium-containing proteins in plasma, without denaturation, by isoelectrofocusing. We observed two pH intervals in the plasma where Se-containing proteins concentrated upon focusing: the first, at pH 6.0 ± 0.2 and with GPx activity, and the second, between pH 4.6 and 5.4, with no enzymatic activity. We can infer therefore that other Se-containing proteins are present at a lower pH than 6, and in particular between 4.6 and 5.4.
Focusing; Glutathione peroxidase; Plasma; Selenium; Selenium status; Selenoproteins
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/190929
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact