Changes in plasmin, plasminogen and plasminogen activator (PA) throughout the lactation were investigated in individual milk samples obtained from 32 Friesian cows from four commercial herds located in Northern Italy. Herds were chosen to represent four different, yet typical for Italy, diets. Increased levels of plasmin and PA (P < 0.05) were observed with advancing lactation. Plasminogen peaked during the fifth month of lactation. The increased levels of plasmin during the fifth month of lactation are partly due to increased plasminogen, which reflects increased permeability of mammary epithelium. However, the ratio of plasminogen to plasmin decreased with advancing lactation, suggesting accelerated conversion of plasminogen to plasmin. Major differences were observed between herds with respect to plasmin levels. These differences probably reflect differences in diets and management practices. This could be very important for Northern Italy where most of the milk produced is used for cheese manufacture. Plasmin, PA and somatic cell counts (SCC) were negatively correlated with casein/protein with coefficients of -0.38, -0.43 and -0.40, respectively. A significant correlation existed between PA and SCC (r = 0.50). PA was positively correlated with plasmin (r = 0.49).
|Titolo:||Changes in plasmin-plasminogen activator syastem in milk from italian friesian herds.|
BALDI, ANTONELLA (Primo)
SAVOINI, GIOVANNI (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0958-6946(95)00075-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|