Compounds containing cysteine residues, such as glutathione, can affect the redox potential of must and wine by reduction of o-quinones and hydrogen peroxide. The oenological yeast cell wall fractions contain cysteine residues in their protein structure, and they could affect both oxidative and odor properties of wine. An analytical approach based on the derivatization of cysteinyl residues with p-benzoquinone followed by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography separation was developed to quantify glutathione and free and protein cysteine in 16 Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains and 12 commercial samples of yeast mannoproteins, hulls, and lysates. The chemical modifications induced by the Mail lard reaction following the industrial preparation of such fractions were evaluated as well. Lysates showed the highest protein cysteine content and high contents of glutathione and free cysteine. Mannoproteins showed an intense Mail lard reaction (furosine >60 mg/100 g protein), and most of the samples were able to bind thiol compounds with a potentially detrimental effect toward the thiol-related odors in wine.
Determination of Reduced Cysteine in Oenological Cell Wall Fractions of Saccharomyces cerevisiae / A. Tirelli, D. Fracassetti, I. De Noni. - In: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-8561. - 58:8(2010), pp. 4565-4570.
|Titolo:||Determination of Reduced Cysteine in Oenological Cell Wall Fractions of Saccharomyces cerevisiae|
TIRELLI, ANTONIO GIOVANNI (Primo)
FRACASSETTI, DANIELA (Secondo)
DE NONI, IVANO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cysteine ; glutathione ; mannoprotein ; yeast ; hull ; lysate ; HPLC ; quinone|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf904047u|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|