Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been shown to be essential during peri-natal growth and development of mammals. The study was conducted to determine whether the inclusion of fish oil in dairy goats diet during late gestation and early lactation would increase the proportion of n-3 PUFAs in colostral and mature milk. From three weeks before kidding throughout 42 days of lactation, 14 dairy goats were fed either a control diet or a diet containing 1.1% fish oil (FO). Dietary treatment did not affect main components of colostrum, but lowered percentages of fat and lactose in mature milk. In colostrum, FO supplementation lowered the proportions of C18:0, C18:2, C18:3 and elevated those of C16:1 and very long-chain n-3 PUFAs, mainly EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA. In mature milk, FO supplementation lowered the proportion of C18:0 and raised C16:1 and n-3 PUFAs (C18:3, EPA and DHA). Estimated transfer efficiencies for EPA and DHA into mature milk were 14 and 7%, respectively. Results suggest that goat’s colostrum and milk can be enriched in n-3 PUFAs by maternal dietary fish oil supplementation during late gestation and early lactation.

Enrichment in n-3 fatty acids of goat's colostrum and milk by maternal fish oil supplementation / D. Cattaneo, V. Dell'Orto, G. Varisco, A. Agazzi, G. Savoini. - In: SMALL RUMINANT RESEARCH. - ISSN 0921-4488. - 64:1-2(2006 Jul), pp. 22-29.

Enrichment in n-3 fatty acids of goat's colostrum and milk by maternal fish oil supplementation

D. Cattaneo
Primo
;
V. Dell'Orto
Secondo
;
A. Agazzi
Penultimo
;
G. Savoini
Ultimo
2006

Abstract

Long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been shown to be essential during peri-natal growth and development of mammals. The study was conducted to determine whether the inclusion of fish oil in dairy goats diet during late gestation and early lactation would increase the proportion of n-3 PUFAs in colostral and mature milk. From three weeks before kidding throughout 42 days of lactation, 14 dairy goats were fed either a control diet or a diet containing 1.1% fish oil (FO). Dietary treatment did not affect main components of colostrum, but lowered percentages of fat and lactose in mature milk. In colostrum, FO supplementation lowered the proportions of C18:0, C18:2, C18:3 and elevated those of C16:1 and very long-chain n-3 PUFAs, mainly EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA. In mature milk, FO supplementation lowered the proportion of C18:0 and raised C16:1 and n-3 PUFAs (C18:3, EPA and DHA). Estimated transfer efficiencies for EPA and DHA into mature milk were 14 and 7%, respectively. Results suggest that goat’s colostrum and milk can be enriched in n-3 PUFAs by maternal dietary fish oil supplementation during late gestation and early lactation.
goat’s colostrum ; goat’s milk ; n-3 fatty acids ; dietary fish oil
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/16718
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