Halloumi cheese is traditionally manufactured from fresh milk. Nevertheless, dried dairy ingredients are sometimes illegally added to increase cheese yield. Lysinoalanine and furosine are newly formed molecules generated by heating and drying milk protein components. The levels of these molecular markers in the finished Halloumi have been investigated to verify their suitability to reveal the addition of skim milk powder and calcium caseinate to cheese milk. Because of the severe heating conditions applied in curd cooking, genuine Halloumi cheeses (n = 35), representative of the Cyprus production, were characterized by levels of lysinoalanine (mean value = 8.1 mg/100 g of protein) and furosine (mean value = 123 mg/100 g of protein) unusual for natural cheeses. Despite the variability of the values, a good correlation between the 2 parameters (R = 0.975) has been found in all cheeses, considering both the fresh and mature cheeses as well as those obtained from curd submitted to a prolonged cooking following a traditional practice adopted by a very small number of manufacturers. Experimental cheeses made by adding as low as 5% of skim milk powder, or calcium caseinate, or both, to cheese milk fell outside the prediction limits at ±2 standard deviation of the above-reported correlation regardless of curd cooking conditions or ripening length. This correlation may be adopted as a reliable index of Halloumi cheese genuineness.

Detection of milk powder and caseinates in Halloumi cheese / L. Pellegrino, S. Cattaneo, F.Masotti, G. Psathas. - In: JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE. - ISSN 0022-0302. - 93:8(2010), pp. 3453-3460. [10.3168/jds.2009-2923]

Detection of milk powder and caseinates in Halloumi cheese

L. Pellegrino
Primo
;
S. Cattaneo
Secondo
;
F. Masotti
Penultimo
;
2010

Abstract

Halloumi cheese is traditionally manufactured from fresh milk. Nevertheless, dried dairy ingredients are sometimes illegally added to increase cheese yield. Lysinoalanine and furosine are newly formed molecules generated by heating and drying milk protein components. The levels of these molecular markers in the finished Halloumi have been investigated to verify their suitability to reveal the addition of skim milk powder and calcium caseinate to cheese milk. Because of the severe heating conditions applied in curd cooking, genuine Halloumi cheeses (n = 35), representative of the Cyprus production, were characterized by levels of lysinoalanine (mean value = 8.1 mg/100 g of protein) and furosine (mean value = 123 mg/100 g of protein) unusual for natural cheeses. Despite the variability of the values, a good correlation between the 2 parameters (R = 0.975) has been found in all cheeses, considering both the fresh and mature cheeses as well as those obtained from curd submitted to a prolonged cooking following a traditional practice adopted by a very small number of manufacturers. Experimental cheeses made by adding as low as 5% of skim milk powder, or calcium caseinate, or both, to cheese milk fell outside the prediction limits at ±2 standard deviation of the above-reported correlation regardless of curd cooking conditions or ripening length. This correlation may be adopted as a reliable index of Halloumi cheese genuineness.
Key words ; Halloumi cheese ; cheese genuineness ; furosine ; lysinoalanine
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/146115
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 8
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact