Human apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV) is involved in chylomicron assembly and secretion, and in reverse cholesterol transport. Several apoA-IV isoforms exist, the most common in Caucasian populations being apoA-IV-1a (T347S) and apoA-IV-2 (Q360H). The objective of the present study was to investigate the impact of these common aminoacid substitutions on the ability of apoA-IV to bind lipids, to promote cell cholesterol efflux via ABCA1, and to maintain endothelial homeostasis. Recombinant forms of wild-type apoA-IV, apoA-IV Q360H, and apoA-IV T347S were produced in Escherichia coli. ApoA-IV Q360H and apoA-IV T347S showed a slightly higher α-helical content compared to wild-type apoA-IV, and associated with phospholipids faster than wild-type apoA-IV. The capacity to promote ABCA1-mediated cholesterol efflux was significantly greater for the apoA-IV T347S than the other apoA-IV isoforms. No differences were observed in the ability of apoA-IV isoforms to inhibit the production of VCAM-1 and IL-6 in TNFα-stimulated endothelial cells. In conclusion, the apoA-IV T347S common variant has increased lipid binding properties and cholesterol efflux capacity, while the apoA-IV Q360H variant has only slightly increased lipid binding properties. The two common aminoacid substitutions have no effect on the ability of apoA-IV to maintain endothelial homeostasis.
|Titolo:||Structure and function of the apoA-IV T347S and Q360H common variants|
GOMARASCHI, MONICA (Primo)
CALABRESI, LAURA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.01.099|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|