Recently, a fully automated instrument for the detection of the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (low concentration of Amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42), high concentration of total tau (T-tau) and Phosphorylated-tau (P-tau181)), has been implemented, namely CLEIA. We conducted a comparative analysis between ELISA and CLEIA methods in order to evaluate the analytical precision and the diagnostic performance of the novel CLEIA system on 111 CSF samples. Results confirmed a robust correlation between ELISA and CLEIA methods, with an improvement of the accuracy with the new CLEIA methodology in the detection of the single biomarkers and in their ratio values. For Aβ42 regression analysis with Passing–Bablok showed a Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.867 (0.8120; 0.907% 95% CI p < 0.0001), T-tau analysis: r = 0.968 (0.954; 0.978% 95% CI p < 0.0001) and P-tau181: r = 0.946 (0.922; 0.962 5% 95% CI p < 0.0001). The overall ROC AUC comparison between ROC in ELISA and ROC in CLEIA confirmed a more accurate ROC AUC with the new automatic method: T-tau AUC ELISA = 0.94 (95% CI 0.89; 0.99 p < 0.0001) vs. AUC CLEIA = 0.95 (95% CI 0.89; 1.00 p < 0.0001), and P-tau181 AUC ELISA = 0.91 (95% CI 0.85; 0.98 p < 0.0001) vs. AUC CLEIA = 0.98 (95% CI 0.95; 1.00 p < 0.0001). The performance of the new CLEIA method in automation is comparable and, for tau and P-tau181, even better, as compared with standard ELISA. Hopefully, in the future, automation could be useful in clinical diagnosis and also in the context of clinical studies.

A Novel Automated Chemiluminescence Method for Detecting Cerebrospinal Fluid Amyloid-Beta 1-42 and 1-40, Total Tau and Phosphorylated-Tau: Implications for Improving Diagnostic Performance in Alzheimer’s Disease / M. Arcaro, C. Fenoglio, M. Serpente, A. Arighi, G.G. Fumagalli, L. Sacchi, S. Floro, M. D’Anca, F. Sorrentino, C. Visconte, A. Perego, E. Scarpini, D. Galimberti. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:10(2022), pp. 2667.1-2667.11. [10.3390/biomedicines10102667]

A Novel Automated Chemiluminescence Method for Detecting Cerebrospinal Fluid Amyloid-Beta 1-42 and 1-40, Total Tau and Phosphorylated-Tau: Implications for Improving Diagnostic Performance in Alzheimer’s Disease

M. Arcaro
Primo
;
C. Fenoglio
Secondo
;
M. Serpente;A. Arighi;G.G. Fumagalli;L. Sacchi;S. Floro;M. D’Anca;F. Sorrentino;C. Visconte;E. Scarpini
Penultimo
;
D. Galimberti
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Recently, a fully automated instrument for the detection of the Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (low concentration of Amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42), high concentration of total tau (T-tau) and Phosphorylated-tau (P-tau181)), has been implemented, namely CLEIA. We conducted a comparative analysis between ELISA and CLEIA methods in order to evaluate the analytical precision and the diagnostic performance of the novel CLEIA system on 111 CSF samples. Results confirmed a robust correlation between ELISA and CLEIA methods, with an improvement of the accuracy with the new CLEIA methodology in the detection of the single biomarkers and in their ratio values. For Aβ42 regression analysis with Passing–Bablok showed a Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.867 (0.8120; 0.907% 95% CI p < 0.0001), T-tau analysis: r = 0.968 (0.954; 0.978% 95% CI p < 0.0001) and P-tau181: r = 0.946 (0.922; 0.962 5% 95% CI p < 0.0001). The overall ROC AUC comparison between ROC in ELISA and ROC in CLEIA confirmed a more accurate ROC AUC with the new automatic method: T-tau AUC ELISA = 0.94 (95% CI 0.89; 0.99 p < 0.0001) vs. AUC CLEIA = 0.95 (95% CI 0.89; 1.00 p < 0.0001), and P-tau181 AUC ELISA = 0.91 (95% CI 0.85; 0.98 p < 0.0001) vs. AUC CLEIA = 0.98 (95% CI 0.95; 1.00 p < 0.0001). The performance of the new CLEIA method in automation is comparable and, for tau and P-tau181, even better, as compared with standard ELISA. Hopefully, in the future, automation could be useful in clinical diagnosis and also in the context of clinical studies.
Alzheimer’s disease; biomarkers; CLEIA; CSF; ELISA
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/943682
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