An 88-year-old man presented with acute onset of severe neck pain, meningismus, headache, and fever (up to 38°C). Blood tests showed raised inflammatory markers, but CSF analysis was not suggestive of CNS infection (Table). Autoimmune antibodies were negative. Cervical spine CT showed calcifications of the transverse ligament of the atlantoaxial joint with inflammatory changes revealed by cervical spine MRI (Figure). Clinical presentation and biochemical and radiologic findings were all consistent with crowned dens syndrome.1,2 Symptoms and inflammatory markers promptly decreased after a brief course of anti-inflammatory treatment. Recognition of this syndrome is important to differentiate it from other infectious or autoimmune diseases and avoid unnecessary treatment.

Teaching Neuroimage: Crowned Dens Syndrome, an Acute Attack of Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease Mimicking Acute MeningitisIn: NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1526-632X. - 99:10(2022 Jul 05), pp. 442-444. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1212/WNL.0000000000200949]

Teaching Neuroimage: Crowned Dens Syndrome, an Acute Attack of Calcium Pyrophosphate Deposition Disease Mimicking Acute Meningitis

A. Francia
Primo
;
G. Conte
Secondo
;
G. Platania;A. Arighi;A.M. Pietroboni;G.G. Fumagalli;S. Floro;E. Scarpini;D. Galimberti;M.C. Saetti;T. Carandini
2022

Abstract

An 88-year-old man presented with acute onset of severe neck pain, meningismus, headache, and fever (up to 38°C). Blood tests showed raised inflammatory markers, but CSF analysis was not suggestive of CNS infection (Table). Autoimmune antibodies were negative. Cervical spine CT showed calcifications of the transverse ligament of the atlantoaxial joint with inflammatory changes revealed by cervical spine MRI (Figure). Clinical presentation and biochemical and radiologic findings were all consistent with crowned dens syndrome.1,2 Symptoms and inflammatory markers promptly decreased after a brief course of anti-inflammatory treatment. Recognition of this syndrome is important to differentiate it from other infectious or autoimmune diseases and avoid unnecessary treatment.
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
Settore MED/37 - Neuroradiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/941829
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