Sensitivity and selectivity are the two major parameters that should be optimized in chemiresistive devices with boosted performances towards Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Notwithstanding a plethora of metal oxides/VOCs combinations that have been investigated so far, a close inspection based on theoretical models to provide guidelines to enhance sensors features has been scarcely explored. In this work, we measured experimentally the sensor response of a WO3 chemiresistor towards gaseous acetone and toluene, observing a two orders of magnitude higher signal for the former. In order to gain insight on the observed selectivity, Density Functional Theory was then adopted to elucidate how acetone and toluene molecules adsorption may perturb the electronic structure of WO3 due to electrostatic interactions with the surface and hybridization with its electronic structure. The results of acetone adsorption suggest the activation of the carbonyl group for reactions, while an overall lower charge redistribution on the surface and the molecule was observed for toluene. This, combined with acetone’s higher binding energy, justifies the difference in the final responses. Notably, the presence of surface oxygen vacancies, characterizing the nanostructure of the oxide, influences the sensing performances.

Acetone and Toluene Gas Sensing by WO3: Focusing on the Selectivity from First Principle Calculations / M.I. Trioni, F. Cargnoni, S. Americo, E. Pargoletti, G.L. Chiarello, G. Cappelletti. - In: NANOMATERIALS. - ISSN 2079-4991. - 12:15(2022 Aug 05), pp. 2696.1-2696.12. [10.3390/nano12152696]

Acetone and Toluene Gas Sensing by WO3: Focusing on the Selectivity from First Principle Calculations

E. Pargoletti;G.L. Chiarello;G. Cappelletti
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Sensitivity and selectivity are the two major parameters that should be optimized in chemiresistive devices with boosted performances towards Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). Notwithstanding a plethora of metal oxides/VOCs combinations that have been investigated so far, a close inspection based on theoretical models to provide guidelines to enhance sensors features has been scarcely explored. In this work, we measured experimentally the sensor response of a WO3 chemiresistor towards gaseous acetone and toluene, observing a two orders of magnitude higher signal for the former. In order to gain insight on the observed selectivity, Density Functional Theory was then adopted to elucidate how acetone and toluene molecules adsorption may perturb the electronic structure of WO3 due to electrostatic interactions with the surface and hybridization with its electronic structure. The results of acetone adsorption suggest the activation of the carbonyl group for reactions, while an overall lower charge redistribution on the surface and the molecule was observed for toluene. This, combined with acetone’s higher binding energy, justifies the difference in the final responses. Notably, the presence of surface oxygen vacancies, characterizing the nanostructure of the oxide, influences the sensing performances.
Monoclinic WO3; gas sensing; chemiresistor; acetone; toluene; selectivity; Density Functional Theory;
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
2-ago-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/937954
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